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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 1/2018

Identification of preoperative prediction factors of tumor subtypes for patients with solitary ground-glass opacity pulmonary nodules

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Meishuang Li, Yanan Wang, Yulong Chen, Zhenfa Zhang

Abstract

Background

Recent wide spread use of low-dose helical computed tomography for the screening of lung cancer have led to an increase in the detection rate of very faint and smaller lesions known as ground-glass opacity nodules. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical factors of lung cancer patients with solitary ground-glass opacity pulmonary nodules on computed tomography.

Methods

A total of 423 resected solitary ground-glass opacity nodules were retrospectively evaluated. We analyzed the clinical, imaging and pathological data and investigated the clinical differences in patient with adenocarcinoma in situ / minimally invasive adenocarcinoma and those with invasive adenocarcinoma.

Results

Three hundred and ninety-three adenocarcinomas (92.9%) and 30 benign nodules were diagnosed. Age, the history of family cancer, serum carcinoembryonic antigen level, tumor size, ground-glass opacity types, and bubble-like sign in chest CT differed significantly between adenocarcinoma in situ / minimally invasive adenocarcinoma and invasive adenocarcinoma (p:0.008, 0.046, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000 and 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curves and univariate analysis revealed that patients with more than 58.5 years, a serum carcinoembryonic antigen level > 1.970 μg/L, a tumor size> 13.50 mm, mixed ground-glass opacity nodules and a bubble-like sign were more likely to be diagnosed as invasive adenocarcinoma. The combination of five factors above had an area under the curve of 0.91, with a sensitivity of 82% and a specificity of 87%.

Conclusion

The five-factor combination helps us to distinguish adenocarcinoma in situ / minimally invasive adenocarcinoma from invasive adenocarcinoma and to perform appropriate surgery for solitory ground-glass opacity nodules.
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