Skip to main content
main-content

28.09.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2016

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 4/2016

Immediate versus delayed aggressive physical therapy following buccal fat pad interposition in oral submucous fibrosis—a prospective study in Central India

Zeitschrift:
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery > Ausgabe 4/2016
Autoren:
Chandrashekhar Bande, Pawan Dawane, M K Gupta, Mayur Gawande, Vijay Rode

Abstract

Purpose

Oral submucous fibrosis is a disease of an Indian subcontinent with obscure aetiology and poorly treated with varying signs and symptoms. OSMF occurs at any age but is most commonly seen in teenagers and adults in the age ranging between 16 and 35 years. A number of surgical treatments have been used for the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis with unpredictable results.

Patients and method

In this study, 220 patients were randomly divided into two groups with mouth opening less than 16 mm and evaluated with immediate and delayed aggressive physiotherapy with buccal fat pad interposition after fibrotomy. Group A (n = 110) patients underwent aggressive mouth opening exercise from the next postoperative day while in group B (n = 110), patients underwent physiotherapy 7th day postoperatively. Pain and discomfort, mucosalization, infection, flap dehiscence and necrosis were noted. Patients were followed for 1 year on a regular interval basis.

Results

At the end of 1-year follow up, the post-operative mean mouth opening in group A was 38.63 mm and 34.19 mm in group B. In group A, the immediate physiotherapy results in mild to moderate pain and discomfort to the patients as compared to no apparent pain in the group B. The mean mucosalization time in group A and group B was 4.2 and 5.1 weeks, respectively. Postoperatively, all patients achieve satisfactory mouth opening.

Conclusion

Immediate aggressive physiotherapy yields a comparatively superior result than delayed physiotherapy with respect to mouth opening in 1 year of follow-up.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2016

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 4/2016 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise