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Erschienen in: European Journal of Pediatrics 1/2006

01.01.2006 | Original Paper

Immunisation status of children in Germany: temporal trends and regional differences

verfasst von: Helen Kalies, Veit Grote, Heinz-Josef Schmitt, Rüdiger von Kries

Erschienen in: European Journal of Pediatrics | Ausgabe 1/2006

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Abstract

In Germany, a low coverage with hepatitis B and measles vaccines and a considerable delay in administration of all recommended vaccines were previously apparent. Whether there have been improvements and whether there are regional differences within Germany is not known. Using representative nationwide telephone interviews on 2,701 children born 1996–2003, we assessed vaccination coverage for the first dose or full primary series (2/3 doses, depending on vaccine used) at 24 months of age. The proportions vaccinated with the first dose, full priming and full immunisation (2/3 doses plus booster in the 2nd year of life) until the end of the recommended age (3, 5 and 15 months, respectively, for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and hepatitis B vaccines (DTPPolioHibHep), and 15 for the first measles, mumps and rubella dose (MMR) were used as indicators of compliance with national guidelines. Coverage for polio, Hib and hepatitis B vaccines increased, while coverage for the first MMR dose remained constantly low at about 70%. Vaccination coverage differed substantially among the German states and was highest for the new states. Compliance with national guidelines increased from 2.5% to 15% for the full primary DTPPolioHibHep series, from 16.2% to 44.7% for the first MMR dose and from 1.0% to 19.3% for the full immunisation with all recommended vaccines (DTPPolioHibHepMMR). Conclusion:Vaccination coverage at 24 months and compliance with national guidelines has improved for most vaccines in Germany. However, improving coverage for measles, mumps, rubella and eliminating the regional disparities remain a major challenge for the public health sector.
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Metadaten
Titel
Immunisation status of children in Germany: temporal trends and regional differences
verfasst von
Helen Kalies
Veit Grote
Heinz-Josef Schmitt
Rüdiger von Kries
Publikationsdatum
01.01.2006
Verlag
Springer-Verlag
Erschienen in
European Journal of Pediatrics / Ausgabe 1/2006
Print ISSN: 0340-6199
Elektronische ISSN: 1432-1076
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-005-1758-0

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