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02.03.2020 | Ausgabe 2/2020 Open Access

Endocrine Pathology 2/2020

Immunohistochemical Profile and 47-Gene Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) Solid Tumor Panel Analysis of a Series of 13 Strumal Carcinoids

Endocrine Pathology > Ausgabe 2/2020
S. Theurer, M. Ingenwerth, T. Herold, K. Herrmann, K. W. Schmid
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Strumal carcinoid is an extraordinary rare tumor of the ovary consisting of thyroid tissue intermixed with neuroendocrine tumor component. The cellular origin of strumal carcinoids has been an area of debate. There is also little data on detailed immunohistochemical and molecular characteristics of these neoplasms. For this reason, this series investigated the characteristics of a series of 13 strumal carcinoids using immunohistochemical markers and a 47-gene next-generation sequencing (NGS) solid tumor panel analysis. Both cellular components showed thyroglobulin expression in all tumors. TTF-1 expression was noted in both cellular components of 11 cases. Chromogranin A was positive in both components of most tumors (n = 12, 92.3% in the neuroendocrine component and n = 10, 76.9% in the thyroid follicular component). Synaptophysin stained the neuroendocrine component of all cases, and it was also identified in the follicular thyroid component of a single case. All tumors were negative for CDX2 and calcitonin. ISLET1 was positive in the neuroendocrine component of 8 cases (6.5%). With the exception of one case, all tumors were positive for SSTR2a. The tumors were associated with a low Ki67 labeling index. All cases were microsatellite stable and no pathogenic mutations were identified using a 47-gene NGS solid tumor analysis. This series underscored that strumal carcinoids are distinct neuroendocrine tumors. The synchronous expression for thyroid follicular epithelial and neuroendocrine differentiation biomarkers may suggest a precursor cell origin displaying mixed-amphicrine differentiation. While strumal carcinoids can be diagnosed by their typical morphology and immunohistochemical profile, frequent SSTR expression may serve as a potential theranostic biomarker in the management of affected patients. In addition, the absence of common driver mutations in the NGS solid tumor panel may suggest that these neoplasms seem to be genetically unrelated to follicular epithelial–derived thyroid tumors and potentially different than other commonly identified well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms. Therefore, further studies focusing on molecular characteristics of this entity are still needed.

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