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05.10.2018 | Original Article

Immunomodulatory properties of captopril, an ACE inhibitor, on LPS-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis as well as oxidative stress

Zeitschrift:
Inflammopharmacology
Autoren:
Javad Boskabadi, Vahid Reza Askari, Mahmoud Hosseini, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady

Abstract

Background

The role of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors on the inflammation process has been demonstrated previously. In the present study, the effects of captopril on lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were investigated.

Methods

Control, LPS, 12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg captopril-treated before LPS administration and captopril 50 mg/kg before saline administration groups of rats were studied. Total and percentage of differential WBC, the levels of MDA, total thiol groups, the activities of SOD and CAT, the levels of IFN-γ, PGE2, TGF-β1 and IL-4 in the BALF were evaluated.

Results

MDA concentration in LPS groups treated with all captopril concentrations, total WBC in LPS + Cap50, percent of neutrophils in LPS + Cap25 and LPS + Cap50, levels of IFN-γ, PGE2, TGF-β1 in LPS + Cap50 and IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio in LPS + Cap25 and LPS + Cap50 were significantly decreased but total thiol groups and activity of SOD in LPS + Cap25 and LPS + Cap50, percent of lymphocyte, CAT activity and concentration of IL-4 only in LPS + Cap50 group were increased in comparison to the LPS group (p < 0.05 to p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Captopril dose dependently improved oxidant–antioxidant biomarkers, the imbalance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines and showed specific immunomodulatory effect on Th1/Th2 balance in the BALF of lung injury induced by LPS.

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