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01.12.2014 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2014 Open Access

BMC Gastroenterology 1/2014

Impact of clinical experience on type V pit pattern analysis using magnifying chromoendoscopy in early colorectal cancer: a cross-sectional interpretation test

Zeitschrift:
BMC Gastroenterology > Ausgabe 1/2014
Autoren:
Taku Sakamoto, Takahisa Matsuda, Takeshi Nakajima, Yutaka Saito, Takahiro Fujii
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1471-230X-14-100) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

Conception and design: TS. Acquisition of data: TS. Analysis and interpretation of data: TS. Manuscript writing: TS, TM, TN, YS, and TF. Critical revision of manuscript: TM, TN, YS, and TF. Final approval of manuscript: TS, TM, TN, YS, and TF. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Background

Although type V pit pattern analysis is effective in determining the invasion depth of early colorectal cancers, the clinical results may vary because findings are operator-dependent. This study aimed to assess the benefits of type V pit pattern analysis in estimating the invasion depth using magnifying chromoendoscopy compared to that with conventional colonoscopy.

Methods

A cross-sectional interpretation test involving 32 endoscopists with varying levels of experience performing colonoscopies was conducted. Fifty histopathologically diagnosed cases of intramucosal or submucosal cancer were selected retrospectively. The lesions were classified as superficial or deep by the endoscopists, based on magnifying chromoendoscopic and non-magnifying endoscopic images. The endoscopists were classified into 3 groups based on the number of colonoscopies performed: I (<500), II (501–5000), and III (>5000). Differences in the interpretation of invasion depth between group III and groups I and II were assessed using the Mann–Whitney U test.

Results

There was no significant difference in the median number of correct interpretations using non-magnifying endoscopic images among the groups. However, a significant difference (P = 0.007) was observed between the results of groups III and I when the analysis was performed using magnifying chromoendoscopic images.

Conclusions

When performed by less experienced endoscopists, pit pattern analysis of colonic lesions using magnifying chromoendoscopy is not a reliable modality for estimating invasion depth in early colorectal cancer.
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