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16.11.2016 | Otology | Ausgabe 3/2017 Open Access

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 3/2017

Impact of control of blood glucose level during treatment of sudden deafness in diabetics: relationship with prognosis

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology > Ausgabe 3/2017
Autoren:
Sang-Ki Min, Ji-Ho Shin, Mun-Young Chang, Hyun-Jin Min, Kyung-Soo Kim, Sei-Young Lee, Hoon-Shik Yang, Young-Ho Hong, Seog-Kyun Mun

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of control of blood glucose level during treatment of sudden deafness. A retrospective study was performed involving 197 patients from January, 2011 to September, 2015. All patients were administrated prednisolone (Pharmaprednisolone tab®, 5 mg/T; KoreaPharma) p.o under the following regimen: 60 mg/day for 4 days, 40 mg/day for 2 days, 30 mg/day for 1 day, 20 mg/day for 1 day, and 10 mg/day for 2 days. During treatment, pure tone audiometry and blood glucose level were investigated for each patient and the results were statistically analyzed. Mean hearing improvement was 19.2 dB for the non-diabetes group and 24.8 dB for the diabetes group. The greater improvement for diabetics was not statistically significant (p = 0.146). Hearing improvement was 25.1 dB for subjects with mean blood glucose <200 mg/dl and 24.6 dB for subjects with mean blood glucose >200 mg/dl; the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.267). Mean blood glucose level was 200.8 mg/dl for subjects with hearing improvement >20 dB and 181.8 mg/dl for subjects with hearing improvement <20 dB; the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.286). Control of blood glucose level during treatment of sudden deafness does not have a direct effect on prognosis.

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