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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Public Health 1/2018

Impact of infection prevention and control training on health facilities during the Ebola virus disease outbreak in Guinea

Zeitschrift:
BMC Public Health > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Mory Keïta, Ansoumane Yassima Camara, Falaye Traoré, Mohamed ElMady Camara, André Kpanamou, Sékou Camara, Aminata Tolno, Bienvenu Houndjo, Fatimatou Diallo, Fatoumata Conté, Lorenzo Subissi
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12889-018-5444-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

In 2014–2016, West Africa faced the most deadly Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in history. A key strategy to overcome this outbreak was continual staff training in Infection Prevention and Control (IPC), with a focus on Ebola. This research aimed to evaluate the impact of IPC training and the quality of IPC performance in health care facilities of one municipality of Conakry, Guinea.

Methods

This study was conducted in February 2016. All health facilities within Ratoma municipality, Conakry, Guinea, were evaluated based on IPC performance standards developed by the Guinean Ministry of Health. The IPC performance of healthcare facilities was categorised into high or low IPC scores based on the median IPC score of the sample. The Mantel-Haenzsel method and logistic regression were used for statistical analysis.

Results

Twenty-five percent of health centres had one IPC-trained worker, 53% had at least two IPC-trained workers, and 22% of health centres had no IPC-trained workers. An IPC score above median was positively associated with the number of trained staff; health centres with two or more IPC-trained workers were eight times as likely to have an IPC score above median, while those with one IPC-trained worker were four times as likely, compared to centres with no trained workers. Health centres that implemented IPC cascade training to untrained medical staff were five times as likely to have an IPC score above median.

Conclusions

This research highlights the importance of training healthcare staff in IPC and organising regular cascade trainings. IPC strategies implemented during the outbreak should continue to be reinforced for the better health of patients and medical staff, and be considered a key factor in any outbreak response.
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