Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2018 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1/2018

Impact of parents’ need for care on middle-aged women’s lifestyle and psychological distress: evidence from a nationwide longitudinal survey in Japan

Zeitschrift:
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Takashi Oshio, Mari Kan

Abstract

Background

Many studies have separately addressed the associations of informal caregiving with coresidence, a caregiver’s work status, and health conditions, but not jointly. We examined how their parents’ need for care affects middle-aged women’s lifestyle and psychological distress, considering the potential simultaneity of decisions on caregiving and living adjustments.

Methods

We used 22,305 observations of 7037 female participants (aged 54–67 years) from a nationwide longitudinal survey in Japan conducted during 2009 and 2013. We considered the occurrence of parents’ need for care (OPNC) as an external event and estimated regression models to explain how it affected the probabilities of the participants becoming caregivers, coresiding with parents, and working outside the home. We further conducted the mediation analysis to examine how the impact of OPNC on participants’ psychological distress measured by Kessler 6 (K6) scores was mediated by caregiving and living adjustments.

Results

OPNC made 30.9% and 30.3% of middle-aged women begin informal caregiving for parents and parents-in-law, respectively, whereas the impact on residential arrangement with parents or work status was non-significant or rather limited. OPNC raised middle-aged women’ K6 scores (range: 0–24) by 0.368 (SE: 0.061) and 0.465 (SE: 0.073) for parents and parents-in-law, respectively, and informal caregiving mediated those impacts by 37.7% (95% CI: 15.6–68.2%) and 44.0% (95% CI: 22.2–75.4%), respectively. By contrast, the mediating effect of residential arrangement with parents or work status was non-significant.

Conclusions

Results underscore the fact that OPNC tends to promote middle-aged women to begin informal caregiving and worsen their psychological distress.
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2018

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1/2018 Zur Ausgabe