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18.11.2019 | Original Article – Clinical Oncology | Ausgabe 2/2020

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 2/2020

Impact of pathologic complete response on survival after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in early-stage breast cancer: a population-based analysis

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 2/2020
Autoren:
Nathalie LeVasseur, J. Sun, L. Gondara, R. Diocee, C. Speers, C. Lohrisch, S. Chia
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00432-019-03083-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Background

Achieving a pathologic complete response (pCR) has been associated with improved long-term outcomes in clinical trials. However, the benefit of achieving pCR across subtypes and its prognostic effect on real-world outcomes has not been well described.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of the Breast Cancer Outcomes Unit database was undertaken to identify patients with stage I–III breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy from 2005 to 2010 in British Columbia. Patients were separated into two groups: those with pCR and those with residual invasive disease in the breast/axillary lymph nodes (RD). The primary endpoint was relapse-free survival (RFS). Key secondary endpoints included breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS).

Results

Of 267 patients identified, 74 patients (28%) achieved pCR and 193 patients (72%) had RD. Median follow-up was 7.5 years. The 5-year RFS was higher in the pCR group compared to the RD group (84% vs 70%; HR 0.45, p = 0.011). The 5-year BCSS was also higher in the pCR group than in the RD group (90% vs 77%; HR 0.39, p = 0.014). In multivariable analyses, pCR was associated with improved RFS (HR 0.39, p = 0.0077) and BCSS (HR 0.35, p = 0.015), whereas traditional pathological prognostic factors were not. Patients with TNBC who achieved pCR had improved RFS and BCSS compared to those with RD (HR 0.26, p = 0.020 and HR 0.35, p = 0.090, respectively). A similar but non-statistically significant trend was seen in the HER-2-positive and ER + subtypes.

Conclusions

Achieving pCR after neoadjuvant chemotherapy was associated with clinically meaningful improvements in survival parameters in a real-world setting. The cumulative data support pCR as a valid surrogate endpoint in both clinical trials and population-based settings.

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