14.12.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 9/2018
Impact of radical hysterectomy on the transobturator sling pathway: a retrospective three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging study
International Urogynecology Journal
- Jinyang Chen, Chunlin Chen, Yige Li, Lan Chen, Juan Xu, Ping Liu
Introduction and hypothesis
Morphological and functional anomalies of the urethra may cause stress urinary incontinence after radical hysterectomy (RH). We introduce a novel three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique to assess the impact of RH on the transobturator sling pathway.
3D-MRI reconstruction models were retrospectively developed for the measurement of various parameters before and after RH, including puncture angle, orientation and distance from the midurethral puncture site to the obturator membrane (DUO), in 31 patients with cervical cancer. Additionally, the correlations between DUO and body height and interspinal diameter were evaluated.
No significant differences were noted between the preoperative and postoperative inclination angle (−7.1 ± 33.5° vs. −0.68 ± 23.9°, ranges −62.4 to 46.8° vs. −54.1 to 42.2°, respectively) or between the preoperative and postoperative left and right mean rotation angles (left 69.0 ± 8.0° vs. 67.8 ± 9.2°; right 65.1 ± 8.38° vs. 64.3 ± 10.5°). Similarly, there were no statistically or clinically significant differences between the preoperative and postoperative DUO, although slight differences were noted between the two sides before and after RH (P = 0.018 and P = 0.023, respectively). None of the parameters differed significantly between the groups with and without postoperative urodynamic stress incontinence. Further, there was no clinically significant correlation between DUO and height or interspinal diameter.
The sling procedure via the transobturator approach is technically safe from a 3D anatomical standpoint. However, wide variability in the anatomical parameters must be taken into account when planning the procedure.