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Erschienen in: Surgical Endoscopy 2/2017

17.06.2016

Impact of staged surgery on quality of life in refractory ulcerative colitis

verfasst von: Claudia Seifarth, Lara Börner, Britta Siegmund, Heinz Johannes Buhr, Jörg-Peter Ritz, Jörn Gröne

Erschienen in: Surgical Endoscopy | Ausgabe 2/2017

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Abstract

Introduction

Coloproctomucosectomy (CPM) with ileopouchanal anastomosis (IPAA), as the procedure of choice for surgical management of ulcerative colitis (UC), is commonly performed either as a 2- or 3-staged procedure. For patients with considerable immunosuppression, reduced nutritional or general health status, and as part of emergency treatment, a 3-staged (3S) procedure is recommended by guidelines to minimize perioperative complication rates compared to 2-staged (2S) procedure. However, the necessity of additional hospitalization and surgery is suspect to affect quality of life (QoL). In this prospective, observational study, we evaluate the long-term QoL after 2- and 3-staged interventions of CPM with IPAA for patients with UC.

Patients and methods

Between 1997 and 2011, a total of 233 patients underwent CPM and had a 2- or 3-staged procedure. In 108 patients, surgical procedure was completed, and evaluation of QoL was performed by specific questionnaires (IBDQ, FIQoL, SF-12, CCS) up to 20 years after ileostomy closure. Data were collected within the framework of a prospective study.

Results

Observing a total of 84 patients (2S: n = 59; 3S: n = 25), QoL measured by IBDQ was higher after CPM, compared to preoperative (2S: 15 → 31; 3S: 17 → 28; p < 0.01), with no differences between 2S or 3S procedures (p > 0.05). Specific QoL assessment concerning incontinence and stool frequency (CCS, FIQoL) did not differ either (CCS: 2S:3S = 12:15; p > 0.05). General health-related QoL, determined by SF-12 score, did not differ between 2S or 3S procedures.

Conclusion

The indication for a 2-staged or 3-staged procedure should be adjusted to the severity of the underlying disease, nutritional status of the patient, and the extent of immunosuppression at the time of surgery. It should not be affected by the fear of complications or a reduced quality of life by additional surgery in 3-staged versus 2-staged procedures.
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Metadaten
Titel
Impact of staged surgery on quality of life in refractory ulcerative colitis
verfasst von
Claudia Seifarth
Lara Börner
Britta Siegmund
Heinz Johannes Buhr
Jörg-Peter Ritz
Jörn Gröne
Publikationsdatum
17.06.2016
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Surgical Endoscopy / Ausgabe 2/2017
Print ISSN: 0930-2794
Elektronische ISSN: 1432-2218
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-016-5010-y

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