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14.11.2017 | Original Scientific Report | Ausgabe 6/2018

World Journal of Surgery 6/2018

Impact of “Tailored” Parathyroidectomy for Treatment of Primary Hyperparathyroidism in Patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgery > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Kiyomi Horiuchi, Momoko Sakurai, Kento Haniu, Erin Nagai, Hiroki Tokumitsu, Yusaku Yoshida, Yoko Omi, Akiko Sakamoto, Takahiro Okamoto

Abstract

Background

Whether total parathyroidectomy (TPTX) or subtotal parathyroidectomy (SPTX) should be performed for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is controversial. At our institution, the parathyroidectomy strategy is based on the number of enlarged intraoperative parathyroid glands. We retrospectively analyzed our parathyroidectomy procedures.

Methods

Data of PHPT treatment in patients with MEN1 who underwent parathyroidectomy from 1982 to 2012 at our department were retrospectively collected. The data were grouped according to the surgical procedure: TPTX, SPTX, and less than SPTX (LPTX). TPTX or SPTX was selected based on the preoperative examination findings and number of enlarged intraoperative parathyroid glands. The outcomes were the disease-free survival (DFS) rate and postoperative calcium replacement rate based on Kaplan–Meier analysis for each type of surgical procedure.

Results

Forty-five patients were analyzed. The overall 5- and 10-year DFS was 91.7 and 55.8%, respectively. The 5- and 10-year DFS in each subgroup was 100.0 and 85.7% in the TPTX group, 89.4 and 57.3% in the SPTX group, and 91.6 and 57.3% in the LPTX group, respectively. The postoperative calcium replacement rate at 1 and 12 months was 91.7 and 58.3% in the TPTX group, 21.1 and 7.0% in the SPTX group, and 30.0 and 0.0% in the LPTX group, respectively.

Conclusions

Although LPTX was not satisfactory as a standard procedure, both SPTX and TPTX are effective treatment methods for PHPT in patients with MEN1. The parathyroidectomy strategy should be based on intraoperative evaluation of the parathyroid glands.

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