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13.09.2017 | Original Article

Improved diagnosis of the number of stenosed coronary artery vessels by segmentation with scatter and photo-peak window data for attenuation correction in myocardial perfusion SPECT

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology
Autoren:
MD Yohei Yamauchi, MD Yumiko Kanzaki, RT Masuo Hayashi, RT Mami Arai, MD Hideaki Morita, MD Tsuyoshi Komori, MD Masaaki Hoshiga, MD Nobukazu Ishizaka
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s12350-017-1058-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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Abstract

Background

Attenuation correction using segmentation of scatter and photo-peak window data (SSPAC) enables an evaluation of the attenuation map in a patient-specific manner without additional radiation exposure. We compared the accuracy of SSPAC and non-corrected myocardial perfusion scintigraphy methods for diagnosing the number of stenosed coronary artery vessels.

Methods and Results

We retrospectively reviewed the data from 183 consecutive patients who underwent 99mTc-tetrofosmin stress/rest SPECT examination and a coronary angiography within 3 months. The MPS images were reconstructed with and without SSPAC attenuation correction. We examined the accuracy of the quantitative interpretation using summed differential score in the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). The attenuation maps were successfully determined in 179 of 183 patients (98%). In terms of the vessel-based diagnostic ability, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive and negative predictive values of the SSPAC and non-correction methods for diagnosing CAD in individual coronary territories were 77%*, 89%, 74%*, and 90%* vs 51%, 87%, 62%, and 82%, respectively (*P < .05). In 35 patients with multi-vessel CAD, those values were 78%*, 81%, 93%, and 55%* vs 49%, 81%, 89%, and 34%, respectively (*P < .05; AUC: 0.82 vs 0.62, P < .05).

Conclusion

SSPAC-corrected SPECT myocardial perfusion images exhibit improved accuracy in the detection of the number of stenosed coronary artery vessels, even in patients with multi-vessel CAD.

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