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12.06.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 8/2018

European Spine Journal 8/2018

In vitro investigation of two connector types for continuous rod construct to extend lumbar spinal instrumentation

Zeitschrift:
European Spine Journal > Ausgabe 8/2018
Autoren:
Bastian Welke, Michael Schwarze, Christof Hurschler, Dennis Nebel, Nadine Bergmann, Dorothea Daentzer
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00586-018-5664-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

Instrumentation of the lumbar spine is a common procedure for treating pathologic conditions. Studies have revealed the risks of pathologies in the adjacent segments, with the incidence rate being up to 36.1%. Revision procedures are often required, including extension of the instrumentation by the use of connectors to adjacent levels. The aim of this study was to determine the stiffness of side-to-side and end-to-end connectors for comparison with the use of continuous rods.

Methods

Ten human lumbar spine specimens (L1–S1) were tested about the three axes under pure moment loading of ± 7.5 Nm. Nine conditions were used to investigate the functions of the extensions for different instrumentation lengths (L3–S1 and L2–S1) and different connector levels (L3/4 and L2/3). The intersegmental range of motion (iROM) and intersegmental neutral zone as well as total range of motion (tROM) and total neutral zone (tNZ) were analyzed.

Results

The application of the spinal system significantly decreased the tROMs (− 44 to − 83%) and iROMs in levels L2/3 (− 56 to − 94%) and L3/4 (− 68 to − 99%) in all the tested directions, and the tNZ under flexion/extension (− 63 to − 71%) and axial rotation (− 34 to − 72%). These decreases were independent of the employed configuration (p < 0.05). The only significant changes in the iROM were observed under lateral bending between the continuous rod and the side-to-side connector at level L3/4 (p = 0.006).

Conclusion

From a biomechanical viewpoint, the tested connectors are comparable to continuous rods in terms of ROM and NZ.

Graphical abstract

These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (PPTX 315 kb)
586_2018_5664_MOESM1_ESM.pptx
Literatur
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