25.07.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 8/2019
In vitro tissue culture model validation—the influence of tissue culture components on IPL energy output
Lasers in Medical Science
- Jihad A. M. Alzyoud, Naomi S. Joyce, Ryan D. Woodward, Ilyas M. Khan, Sarah G. Rees
Intense pulsed light (IPL) has been used therapeutically in a number of clinical settings and has been shown to have a photobiomodulatory effect on connective tissue cells, such as those derived from skin and tendon. In vitro cell culture models are essential tools preclinically in investigating such treatment modalities, as they help in optimising parameters for successful treatment. However, as culture system components have been reported to absorb part of the irradiated energy, which in turn has a bearing on the amount of light reaching the cells, it is important to establish specific parameters for the particular in vitro model used. This study, therefore, investigates the effect of our tissue culture system components on the IPL energy delivered. Individual wells of multi-well plates were irradiated with IPL at different device settings and under variable culture conditions (e.g. in the absence or presence of cell culture media with or without the pH indicator dye, phenol red), and the energy lost through the culture system determined. Our data demonstrated that the IPL device delivered significantly lower outputs than those published, and energy absorption by the culture equipment would further reduce fluencies delivered to the cell monolayer. Furthermore, energy absorption by media containing phenol red was marginally greater than clear media and resulted in only a small increase in temperature, which would not be harmful to cells. The use of phenol red-containing media therefore is valid and physiologically relevant when examining light-culture system interactions.