A recent study led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revealed at least 30% of antibiotic prescriptions in the outpatient setting were inappropriate. In this study of all ages, among adult patients, results were similar to the overall population, with the majority of inappropriate prescribing relating to respiratory infections. We applied the same methodology to investigate rates of antibiotic prescribing for respiratory tract infections in outpatient primary care clinics at the Providence Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The results of our evaluation reflected comparable rates of inappropriate prescribing, but when stratified by teaching versus non-teaching primary care clinics, inappropriate prescribing was significantly higher in non-teaching clinics (17.6% vs 44.0%, p < .0001). Respiratory infection visits in non-teaching outpatient clinics may be a pragmatic target for antimicrobial stewardship programs.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States. CDC, 2013. http://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/pdf/ar-threats-2013-508.pdf. Accessed 15 Sept 2016.
National Quality Forum. Antibiotic Stewardship Playbook. NQF, 2016. http://www.qualityforum.org/Publications/2016/05/Antibiotic_Stewardship_Playbook.aspx. Accessed 15 Sept 2016.
- Inappropriate prescribing in outpatient healthcare: an evaluation of respiratory infection visits among veterans in teaching versus non-teaching primary care clinics
Diane M. Parente
Tristan T. Timbrook
Aisling R. Caffrey
Kerry L. LaPlante
- BioMed Central
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