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01.06.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2014

European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 3/2014

Incidence and characteristics of distal radial fractures in an urban population in The Netherlands

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2014
Autoren:
A. Bentohami, J. Bosma, G. J. M. Akkersdijk, B. van Dijkman, J. C. Goslings, N. W. L. Schep

Abstract

The increasing incidence of distal radius fracture is thought to be due to the aging population. Surprisingly, some authors have reported a decrease in the incidence of distal radius fracture. Moreover, the type-specific incidence of distal radial fracture classified according to fracture severity is not well documented. The aim of this population-based study was to estimate the overall and type-specific incidences of distal radius fracture in a urban population in The Netherlands. During 2009, all persons aged ≥18 years old with an acute distal radius fracture in two hospitals in The Netherlands were prospectively registered. In 2009, the mid-year study population consisted of 245,559 inhabitants ≥18 years old. Fractures were categorized according to the AO classification. 494 patients with acute distal radius fractures were registered in the two participating hospitals during the 1-year study period. The overall incidence of distal radius fracture was 20 per 10,000 person-years. Among women, the incidence rate increased from the age of 50 and reached a peak of 124 per 10,000 person-years in women 80 years and older. Among men, the incidence rate was low until the age of 80 years and older, and reached a peak of 24 per 10,000 person-years. The incidence rate among women between 50 and 79 years was 54/10,000 person-years. Extra-articular AO type A fractures were most common among all age groups, comprising 50 % of all fractures (40 % in men and 53 % in women). The overall incidence rate of distal radius fracture was 20 per 10,000 person-years. This incidence increases with age for both women and men. A lower incidence rate among women 50–79 years of age was found than previously reported, which may indicate a declining incidence in this age group. Extra-articular AO type A fractures were the most common fracture types.

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