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01.06.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2014

Osteoporosis International 6/2014

Incident long-term warfarin use and risk of osteoporotic fractures: propensity-score matched cohort of elders with new onset atrial fibrillation

Zeitschrift:
Osteoporosis International > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
D. Misra, Y. Zhang, C. Peloquin, H. K. Choi, D. P. Kiel, T. Neogi
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s00198-014-2662-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Summary

Association between warfarin use and fracture risk is unclear. We examined the association between long-term warfarin use and fracture risk at the hip, spine, and wrist in elders. No significant association was found between long-term warfarin use and fracture risk, despite biological plausibility.

Introduction

Prior studies examining the association of warfarin use and osteoporotic fractures have been conflicting, potentially related to methodological limitations. Thus, we examined the association of long-term warfarin use with risk of hip, spine, and wrist fractures among older adults with atrial fibrillation, attempting to address prior methodologic challenges.

Methods

We included men and women ≥65 years of age with incident atrial fibrillation and without prior history of fractures from The Health Improvement Network followed between 2000 and 2010. Long-term warfarin use was defined in two ways: (1) warfarin use ≥1 year; (2) warfarin use ≥3 years. Propensity-score matched cohorts of warfarin users and nonusers were created to evaluate the association between long-term warfarin use and risk of hip, spine, and wrist fractures separately as well as combined, using Cox-proportional hazards regression models.

Results

Among >20,000 participants with incident atrial fibrillation, the hazard ratios (HR) for hip fracture with warfarin use ≥1 and ≥3 years, respectively, were 1.08 (95%CI 0.87, 1.35) and 1.13 (95 % CI 0.84, 1.50). Similarly, no significant associations were observed between long-term warfarin use and risk of spine or wrist fracture. When risk of any fracture was assessed with warfarin use, no association was found [HR for warfarin use ≥1 year 0.92 (95%CI 0.77, 1.10); HR for warfarin use ≥3 years 1.12 (95%CI 0.88, 1.43)].

Conclusions

Long-term warfarin use among elders with atrial fibrillation was not associated with increased risk of osteoporotic fractures and therefore does not appear to necessitate additional surveillance or prophylaxis.

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Zusatzmaterial
ESM 1 (DOCX 102 kb)
198_2014_2662_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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