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01.12.2014 | Ausgabe 12/2014

Surgical Endoscopy 12/2014

Incisional hernia after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Is there any factor associated?

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 12/2014
Autoren:
Emmanuel E. Sadava, Javier Kerman Cabo, Federico H. E. Carballo, Maximiliano E. Bun, Nicolás A. Rotholtz
Wichtige Hinweise
Presented as an Poster Presentation at the SAGES 2013 Scientific Session, Baltimore, MD, April 17–20, 2013.

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic approach is related to, among others, educing abdominal wall complications such as incisional hernia (IH). However, there are scarce data concerning laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCRS). The aim of this study was to evaluate related factors and incidence of IH following this approach.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who underwent colorectal surgery with laparoscopic approach in a single center was performed. Patients with a minimum follow-up of 6 months, and also converted to open surgery were included. Uni- and multi-variate analyses were performed using the following variables: age; gender; type of surgery (left, right, total, or segmental colectomy); comorbidities [diabetes and chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD)]; previous surgery; colorectal disease (benign and malignant); operative time; surgical site infection (SSI); and body mass index (BMI). Midline incisions (right colectomy) and off-midline incisions (left colectomies and rectal resections) were also compared.

Results

During a period of 12 years, 1051 laparoscopic colorectal surgeries were performed. The incidence of IH was 6 % (n = 63). Univariate analysis showed that BMI > 30 kg/m2 [p < 0.01, OR: 2.3 (1.3–4.7)], SSI [p < 0.01, OR: 6.5 (3.4–12.5)], operative time >180 min [p < 0.01, OR: 2.1 (1.2–3.6)] and conversion to open surgery (p = 0.01, OR: 2.4 [1.1–5.0]) were related to incisional hernias. BMI and SSI have a statistically significant relation with the incidence of IH in multivariate analysis (p < 0.01). No statistical difference between right and left colectomy was observed (6.6 vs. 6.4 %, respectively).

Conclusion

The incidence of IH after LCRS seems to be acceptable. BMI over 30 kg/m2 and SSI are strongly associated to this complication.

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