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Erschienen in: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 4/2013

01.08.2013 | Review Article

Indications for implant removal after fracture healing: a review of the literature

verfasst von: D. I. Vos, M. H. J. Verhofstad

Erschienen in: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery | Ausgabe 4/2013

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Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this review was to collect and summarize published data on the indications for implant removal after fracture healing, since these are not well defined and guidelines hardly exist.

Methods

A literature search was performed.

Results

Though there are several presumed benefits of implant removal, such as functional improvement and pain relief, the surgical procedure can be very challenging and may lead to complications or even worsening of the complaints. Research has focused on the safety of metal implants (e.g., risk of corrosion, allergy, and carcinogenesis). For these reasons, implants have been removed routinely for decades. Along with the introduction of titanium alloy implants, the need for implant removal became a subject of debate in view of potential (dis)advantages since, in general, implants made of titanium alloys are more difficult to remove. Currently, the main indications for removal from both the upper and lower extremity are mostly ‘relative’ and patient-driven, such as pain, prominent material, or simply the request for removal. True medical indications like infection or intra-articular material are minor reasons.

Conclusion

This review illustrates the great variety of view points in the literature, with large differences in opinions and practices about the indications for implant removal after fracture healing. Since some studies have described asymptomatic patients developing complaints after removal, the general advice nowadays is to remove implants after fracture healing only in symptomatic patients and after a proper informed consent. Well-designed prospective studies on this subject are urgently needed in order to form guidelines based on scientific evidence.
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Metadaten
Titel
Indications for implant removal after fracture healing: a review of the literature
verfasst von
D. I. Vos
M. H. J. Verhofstad
Publikationsdatum
01.08.2013
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery / Ausgabe 4/2013
Print ISSN: 1863-9933
Elektronische ISSN: 1863-9941
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-013-0283-5

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Schmerzhafte Vorfuß-Schwellungen sind typisch für die Rheumatoide Arthritis (RA). Doch was da genau entzündet ist – Gelenke, Sehnenscheiden, Schleimbeutel – hängt wohl von RA-spezifischen Antikörpern ab.

Rheumatologe bricht Lanze für Methylprednisolon-Puls-Therapie bei SLE

18.06.2024 EULAR 2024 Kongressbericht

Es klingt paradox, doch auch Glukokortikoide (GC) können bei systemischem Lupus erythematodes dazu beitragen, GC einzusparen. Der Kniff: Intravenöse Methylprednisolon-Stöße zu Therapiebeginn. Damit gelingen längere Remissionen mit weniger oralen GC.

Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

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