The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12872-017-0582-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) represents a strong risk factor for thrombotic events after PCI. We aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of individualizing intensified dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in PCI-treated patients with HPR based on platelet function testing (PFT).
Electronic databases were searched for randomized control trials that reported the clinical outcomes of using an intensified antiplatelet protocol with P2Y12 receptor inhibitor comparing with standard maintenance dose of clopidogrel on the basis of platelet function testing. Clinical endpoints were assessed.
From 2005 to 2016, thirteen clinical studies comprising 7290 patients were included for analysis. Compared with standard antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel, the intensified protocol based on platelet function testing was associated with a significant reduction in major adverse cardiovascular events (RR:0.55, 95% CI: 0.36–0.84, p = 0.005), cardiovascular death (RR:0.60, 95% CI: 0.38–0.96, p = 0.03), stent thrombosis (RR:0.58, 95% CI: 0.36–0.93, p = 0.02) and target vessel revascularization (RR:0.33, 95% CI: 0.14–0.76, p = 0.009). No significant difference was found in the rate of bleeding events between intensified and standard protocol.
Compared with standard clopidogrel therapy, individualized intensified antiplatelet therapy on the basis of platelet reactivity testing reduces the incidence of cardiovascular events in patient undergoing PCI, without increasing the risk of bleeding.
Additional file 1: Supplemental Material. (DOC 365 kb)12872_2017_582_MOESM1_ESM.doc
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- Individualized dual antiplatelet therapy based on platelet function testing in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
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