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05.10.2018 | ANKLE

Individuals with recurrent ankle sprain demonstrate postural instability and neuromuscular control deficits in unaffected side

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Autoren:
Jin Hyuck Lee, Soon Hyuck Lee, Gi Won Choi, Hae Woon Jung, Woo Young Jang

Abstract

Purpose

To compare proprioception, postural stability, and neuromuscular control between patients with mechanical laxity and recurrent ankle sprain.

Methods

Among 86 patients with ankle instability, 45 patients had mechanical laxity (mean age 27.2 ± 7.0 years) and 41 had recurrent ankle sprain (mean age 25.1 ± 9.2 years). Both the affected and unaffected ankles of each patient were evaluated. Proprioception and neuromuscular control tests were conducted using an isokinetic machine, and postural stability was tested using a postural stabilometry system.

Results

Proprioception was not significantly different between the unaffected or affected ankles of the mechanical laxity group compared with those of the recurrent ankle sprain group (n.s). Static and dynamic postural stability and neuromuscular control were similar in the affected ankles between the two groups (n.s). However, postural stability (static, overall: p = 0.009, anterior–posterior: p = 0.028, medial–lateral: p = 0.022; dynamic, overall: p = 0.012, anterior–posterior: p = 0.004, medial–lateral: p = 0.001) and neuromuscular control (inversion: p = 0.031, eversion: p = 0.039, dorsiflexion: p = 0.029, plantarflexion: p = 0.035) were significantly decreased in the unaffected ankles of the recurrent ankle sprain group compared with those of the mechanical laxity group.

Conclusion

The unaffected ankles of the recurrent ankle sprain group showed significant decreases in both postural stability and neuromuscular control compared with the mechanical laxity group. Clinicians and therapists should consider unaffected ankle rehabilitation in patients with recurrent ankle sprain to prevent future sprain events.

Level of evidence

Case–control study, III.

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