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01.12.2016 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

BMC Neurology 1/2016

Inducible limb-shaking transitory ischemic attacks: a video-documented case report and review of the literature

BMC Neurology > Ausgabe 1/2016
Sverre Rosenbaum, Christian Ovesen, Nancy Futrell, Derk W. Krieger
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​s12883-016-0601-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



Limb-shaking transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a well-recognized, but rare observation in contralateral carotid steno-occlusive disease. Consequently, most clinicians have not had the chance to witness an attack.

Case presentation

We present the story of a 64-year old gentleman with exercise-induced weakness associated with tremor in his right arm. His left internal carotid artery was occluded at the bifurcation. Administration of statin and antiplatelet did not relieve his symptoms, and his stereotypic, exercise-induced “limb-shaking” episodes persisted. He underwent successful extracranial to intracranial (EC-IC) bypass, which stopped his symptoms. The patient, however, returned to our department and reported that he was able to recreate his original symptoms by compressing the bypass graft manually.


To our knowledge, this is the first case with video documentation of the clinical appearance of a limb-shaking TIA. We hope this case report will increase the physicians’ understanding of the clinical nature of limb-shaking TIAs.
Additional file 1:
Video presentation of patient with Limb-shakin TIA. (M4V 16499 kb)
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