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12.06.2018 | Original Article

Infections in patients using ventricular-assist devices: Comparison of the diagnostic performance of 18F-FDG PET/CT scan and leucocyte-labeled scintigraphy

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology
Autoren:
MD Carole de Vaugelade, MD Charles Mesguich, MD Karine Nubret, MD Fabrice Camou, MD Carine Greib, MD Gael Dournes, PharmD Frédéric Debordeaux, MD, PhD Elif Hindie, MD, PhD Laurent Barandon, MD Ghoufrane Tlili
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12350-018-1323-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The authors of this article have provided a PowerPoint file, available for download at SpringerLink, which summarises the contents of the paper and is free for re-use at meetings and presentations. Search for the article DOI on SpringerLink.com.
JNC thanks Erick Alexanderson MD, Carlos Guitar MD, and Diego Vences MD, UNAM, Mexico, for providing the Spanish abstract; Haipeng Tang MS, Zhixin Jiang MD, and Weihua Zhou PhD, for providing the Chinese abstract; and Jean-Luc Urbain, MD, PhD, CPE, Past President CANM, Chief Nuclear Medicine, Lebanon VAMC, PA, for providing the French abstract.

Abstract

Background

The usage of left-ventricular-assist device (LVAD) is increasing in patients presenting with advanced heart failure. However, device-related infections are a challenge to recognize and to treat, with an important morbidity and mortality rate. The role of nuclear medicine imaging remains not well established for LVAD infections. The present study compared the accuracy of positron emission tomography/computed tomography with 18F-fludeoxyglucose (18F-FDG PET/CT) and radiolabeled leucocyte scintigraphy for the diagnosis of infections in patients supported with a continuous-flow LVAD.

Methods

From a prospectively maintained database, we retrospectively analyzed the diagnostic performance of radiolabeled leucocyte scintigraphy and 18F-FDG PET/CT in 24 patients who had a LVAD with a suspected device-related infection. Both examinations were routinely performed in all patients. Infection was assessed by the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation criteria.

Results

Twenty-four patients were included: 15 had a specific VAD infection (5 cardiac-LVAD and 10 driveline), 6 had a VAD-related infection, while 3 patients had a non-VAD-related infection. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were 95.2%, 66.7%, 95.2%, 66.7%, and 91.6%, respectively, for 18F-FDG-PET; and 71.4%, 100%, 100%, 33.3%, and 75%, respectively, for leucocyte scintigraphy. 18F-FDG PET/CT showed significantly higher sensitivity (P = 0.01) than leucocyte scintigraphy.

Conclusion

18F-FDG PET/CT and radiolabeled leucocyte scintigraphy single-photon emission computed tomography carry high performance in the diagnostic of LVAD infections. 18F-FDG PET/CT shows significantly higher sensitivity and could be proposed as first-line nuclear medicine procedure.

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