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09.11.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2018

Familial Cancer 3/2018

Information and support needs of young women regarding breast cancer risk and genetic testing: adapting effective interventions for a novel population

Zeitschrift:
Familial Cancer > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Suzanne C. O’Neill, Chalanda Evans, Rebekah J. Hamilton, Beth N. Peshkin, Claudine Isaacs, Sue Friedman, Kenneth P. Tercyak

Abstract

Young women from hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) families face a unique set of challenges in managing their HBOC risk, where obtaining essential information to inform decision making is key. Previous work suggests that this need for specific health information also comes at a time of heightened distress and greater individuation from family. In this report, we describe our adaptation of a previously-studied behavioral intervention for this population, utilizing a systematic approach outlined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. First, we assessed the information needs and levels of distress in this population and correlates of this distress. These data then were used to inform the adaptation and piloting of a three-session telephone-based peer coaching intervention. One hundred young women (M age = 25 years) who were first or second degree relatives of BRCA1/2 mutation carriers participated. Sixty-three percent of the sample endorsed unmet HBOC information needs and they, on average, reported moderate levels of cancer-related distress (M = 21.9, SD = 14.6). Greater familial disruption was associated with greater cancer-related distress in multivariable models (p < .05). Ten women who participated in the survey completed the intervention pilot. They reported lower distress from pre- to post- (15.8 vs. 12.0), as well as significantly lower decisional conflict (p < .05) and greater endorsement of an array of healthy coping strategies (i.e., active coping, instrumental coping, positive reframing, planning, p’s < .05). Our survey results suggest that young adult women from HBOC families have unmet cancer genetic information and support needs. Our pilot intervention was able to reduce levels of decisional conflict and promote the use of effective coping strategies. This approach needs to be further tested in a larger randomized trial.

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