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05.05.2018 | Review Article | Ausgabe 3/2018

Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion 3/2018

Inherited Macrothrombocytopenia: Correlating Morphology, Epidemiology, Molecular Pathology and Clinical Features

Zeitschrift:
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Kanjaksha Ghosh, Maitreyee Bhattacharya, Ranjini Chowdhury, Kanchan Mishra, Malay Ghosh

Abstract

Inherited macrothrombocytopenia is increasingly being recognized as a relatively common condition. This descriptive review aims at focusing on the different areas of advancement that have taken place with this condition with particular reference to India. A pubmed search of articles between January 1990 and October 2017 with the key words-macrothrombocytopenia, asymptomatic macrothrombocytopenia, macrothrombocytopenia India, syndromic macrothrombocytopenia, molecular pathology, megakaryopoiesis and platelet formation were searched. The shortlisted articles were then read. Review articles provided additional references and the articles thus obtained were also read. Special interest and research conducted by the authors provided further sources of information. A total of 487 articles were found of which 68 articles were related to our subject of review. Review articles were read and additional articles from the reference quoted. Forty-four percent of nonsyndromic Inherited macrothrombocytopenia showed mutations of MYH9, GP1BB, GP1Ba, GPIX, ABCG5 and 8, ACTN, FLI, TUBB and RUNX1 frequently in heterozygous state. All types of inheritance pattern namely autosomal dominant, recessive and sex linked patterns have been described. Syndromic causes of this phenomenon are well known and have been described. Many asymptomatic patients do have mild or moderate bleeding history. Clinical algorithms to differentiate chronic ITP associated macrothrombocytopenia from inherited variety have been explored. Inherited macrothrombocytopenia is an emerging area of interest in platelet biology with its implication in diagnosis, prognosis, genetic counseling, management and in transfusion medicine.

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