Skip to main content
main-content

01.06.2015 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2015

Dysphagia 3/2015

Instrumented Assessment of Oral Motor Function in Healthy Subjects and People with Systemic Sclerosis

Zeitschrift:
Dysphagia > Ausgabe 3/2015
Autoren:
Chiara Vitali, Cinzia Baldanzi, Francesca Polini, Angelo Montesano, Paola Ammenti, Davide Cattaneo

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to provide quantitative data of oral function in healthy subjects (HSs), validity of measurements and estimation of measurement bias, as well as quantify oral impairment in persons with scleroderma (SSc). 151 HSs and 12 subjects with SSc were recruited and assessed using instrumented tools, measuring maximal mouth opening; lip strength; and tongue strength, protrusion, retraction, and endurance. Twenty HSs were also retested 3–5 weeks later in order to assess the test–retest reliability of the measurements. Intraclass correlation coefficients proved to be satisfactory (>0.8) for both inter-rater and test–retest reliabilities of all measurements except for tongue retraction. In the HS group, maximal mouth opening and tongue and lips strength values were larger (P < 0.05) for males than females, while no significant differences were found for other variables. Older subjects had statistically significantly lower tongue retraction values and tongue endurance values than younger subjects. The SSc group showed a statistically significant decrease (P < 0.05) in almost all the measurements. Assessment procedures proved to be valid and reliable. Gender and height were predictors of mouth opening, lip and tongue strength, while age correlates with tongue retraction and endurance. Measurements highlighted the strong impact of SSc on oral functions and in particular on tongue protrusion, tongue strength, and endurance.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2015

Dysphagia 3/2015 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med HNO 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet HNO

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update HNO und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise