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The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2452-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with dose escalation by simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) can be a safe modality for treating spinal bone metastases with enhanced targeting accuracy and improve local tumor control.
This is a single-center, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. One hundred and twenty patients with spinal bone metastases will receive palliative radiation therapy at the Heidelberg University Hospital. SBRT will be given in five or ten fractions with or without SIB. Four treatment arms are planned: IMRT with 30 Gy in ten fractions, IMRT with 30 Gy in ten fractions and SIB to 40 Gy, IMRT with 20 Gy in five fractions, and IMRT with 20 Gy in five fractions and SIB to 30Gy in five fractions will be compared. The target parameters will be measured at baseline level and at three and six months after radiation.
The primary endpoint of this study was to assess and compare the local tumor control (by means of different fractionation schedules and biological doses to the tumor area). Secondary endpoints are acute and chronic adverse events, pain relief, quality of life, and fatigue.
ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02832765. Registered on 27 July 2016.