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05.02.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2019

Archives of Virology 4/2019

Interaction of the intrinsically disordered C-terminal domain of the sesbania mosaic virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase with the viral protein P10 in vitro: modulation of the oligomeric state and polymerase activity

Zeitschrift:
Archives of Virology > Ausgabe 4/2019
Autoren:
Arindam Bakshi, Shruthi Sridhar, Srinivas Sistla, Handanahal Subbarao Savithri
Wichtige Hinweise
Handling Editor: Stephen John Wylie.

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00705-019-04163-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of sesbania mosaic virus (SeMV) was previously shown to interact with the viral protein P10, which led to enhanced polymerase activity. In the present investigation, the equilibrium dissociation constant for the interaction between the two proteins was determined to be 0.09 µM using surface plasmon resonance, and the disordered C-terminal domain of RdRp was shown to be essential for binding to P10. The association with P10 brought about a change in the oligomeric state of RdRp, resulting in reduced aggregation and increased polymerase activity. Interestingly, unlike the wild-type RdRp, C-terminal deletion mutants (C del 43 and C del 72) were found to exist predominantly as monomers and were as active as the RdRp-P10 complex. Thus, either the deletion of the C-terminal disordered domain or its masking by binding to P10 results in the activation of polymerase activity. Further, deletion of the C-terminal 85 residues of RdRp resulted in complete loss of activity. Mutation of a conserved tyrosine (RdRp Y480) within motif E, located between 72 and 85 residues from the C-terminus of RdRp, rendered the protein inactive, demonstrating the importance of motif E in RNA synthesis in vitro.

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