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08.01.2019 | Original Contributions | Ausgabe 5/2019

Obesity Surgery 5/2019

Interpersonal Abuse and Long-term Outcomes Following Bariatric Surgery

Zeitschrift:
Obesity Surgery > Ausgabe 5/2019
Autoren:
Sasha Gorrell, Colin T. Mahoney, Michelle Lent, Laura K. Campbell, G. Craig Wood, Christopher Still
Wichtige Hinweise
Dr. Gorrell is now a fulltime employee of University of California, San Francisco. Dr. Mahoney is now a fulltime employee of The National Center for PTSD and Boston University.

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Background

History of abuse may impact weight loss (WL) following bariatric surgery. Some investigations have indicated slower WL rates among patients reporting abuse; however, among studies with multiple assessments, significant differences in WL are not evidenced at later measurement. Few investigations have extended follow-up beyond 18 months, limiting understanding of the impact of abuse on weight trajectory over time. Furthermore, existing research has insufficiently accounted for forms of interpersonal trauma beyond sexual abuse (i.e., emotional, physical) that may impact WL and other health outcomes.

Objectives

To determine whether post-surgical percent total WL (%TWL) and specific clinical outcomes are differentially impacted by history of interpersonal abuse.

Setting

Large, comprehensive medical center.

Methods

Retrospective data was collected from patients who underwent bariatric surgery at a single center (N = 433). Based on pre-surgical interview, patients were grouped according to reported history of interpersonal abuse (Y/N). Nonlinear repeated measures regression examined impact of abuse history on %TWL, and clinical selequae.

Results

Differences in %TWL at 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months post-surgically did not differ significantly. Further, %TWL did not differ across time, according to group. A significantly greater number of those with history of interpersonal abuse had a clinical diagnosis of depression as compared with those not reporting interpersonal abuse (38% vs. 22% respectively), p < .001.

Conclusions

Interpersonal abuse history does not negatively impact %TWL post-surgically but is associated with diagnosis of depression, indicating depressive symptoms may be a viable clinical intervention target for surgery patients with interpersonal trauma history.

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