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01.09.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 9/2016

General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 9/2016

Interrupted commissural band annuloplasty prevents mitral stenosis

Zeitschrift:
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery > Ausgabe 9/2016
Autoren:
Masaru Sawazaki, Shiro Tomari, Kenta Zaikokuji, Yusuke Imaeda

Abstract

Background

Mitral annuloplasty is an important component of the treatment of degenerative mitral valve disease. However, postoperative echocardiography reveals elevated mitral gradients in some patients. We developed a technique that we termed interrupted commissural band annuloplasty (iCBA), which does not shorten either the anterior or posterior annulus and is not associated with the development of a mitral gradient. We compared the echocardiographic characteristics of patients treated using this method versus Cosgrove ring (COS) placement, both at rest and during exercise.

Methods

ICBA features placement of three sutures in the commissures using two bands and shortens the commissural annular length by 60 %. We used this method to treat 63 patients and placed Cosgrove bands in 58. Of all patients, 48 who underwent iCBA and 34 with COSs passed the exercise echocardiographic test.

Results

The maximal transmitral pressures at rest in the iCBA and Cosgrove groups were 8.04 ± 0.74 and 11.30 ± 0.88 mmHg (P = 0.0029), respectively, and the mean transmitral pressures at rest were 2.46 ± 0.74 and 3.61 ± 0.32 mmHg (P = 0.0037), respectively. The maximal transmitral pressures during exercise were 11.79 ± 0.97 and 18.37 ± 1.16 mmHg (P < 0.0001), and the mean transmitral pressures during exercise were 4.95 ± 0.45 and 7.76 ± 0.53 mmHg (P < 0.0001).

Conclusions

ICBA prevents postoperative mitral stenosis both at rest and importantly during exercise.

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