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05.06.2018 | Original Article

Intratumoral heterogeneity in 18F-FDG PET/CT by textural analysis in breast cancer as a predictive and prognostic subrogate

Zeitschrift:
Annals of Nuclear Medicine
Autoren:
David Molina-García, Ana María García-Vicente, Julián Pérez-Beteta, Mariano Amo-Salas, Alicia Martínez-González, María Jesús Tello-Galán, Ángel Soriano-Castrejón, Víctor M. Pérez-García

Abstract

Aim

To assess the predictive and prognostic value of textural parameters in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) obtained by 18F-FDG PET/CT.

Methods

Prospective study including 68 patients with LABC, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC) indication and a baseline 18F-FDG PET/CT. Breast specimens were grouped into molecular phenotypes and classified as responders or non-responders after completion of NC. Patients underwent standard follow-up to obtain the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). After breast tumor segmentation, three-dimensional (3D) textural measures were computed based on run-length matrices (RLM) and co-occurrence matrices (CM). Relations between textural features with risk categories attending to molecular phenotypes were explored. Kaplan–Meier analysis and univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis were used to study the potential of textural variables, molecular phenotypes and histologic response to predict DFS and OS. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to obtain the best cut-off value, the area under the curve (AUC) and sensitivity and specificity considering OS and DFS.

Results

Eighteen patients were classified as responders. Mean ± SD of DFS and OS was 70.87 ± 21.85 and 76.77 ± 18.80 months, respectively. Long run emphasis (LRE) and long run high gray-level emphasis (LRHGE) showed a relation with risk categories. Low gray-level run emphasis (LGRE), LRHGE and run-length non-uniformity (RLNU) showed association with the NC response. Textural variables were significantly associated with OS and DFS in univariate analysis. Regarding the multivariate Cox regression analysis, PET stage with short run high gray-level emphasis (SRHGE) was significantly associated with OS, and PET stage and high gray-level run emphasis (HGRE) with DFS.

Conclusion

Textural variables obtained with 18F-FDG PET/CT were predictors of neoadjuvant chemotherapy response and prognosis, being as relevant as PET stage at diagnosis for OS and DFS prediction.

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