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01.06.2014 | Innovative Techniques | Ausgabe 3/2014

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 3/2014

Inverted Nipple Correction with Dermal Flaps and Traction

Zeitschrift:
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2014
Autoren:
Mustafa Durgun, Hülda Rıfat Özakpınar, Caferi Tayyar Selçuk, Murat Sarıcı, Candemir Ceran, Ergin Seven

Abstract

Background

Inverted nipple occurs when part of or the entire nipple is abnormally located below the areola. Surgical repair of severe cases involves suture or flap techniques. Complications include recurrence, lactation problems, hypopigmented scar formation in the areola, and loss of sensation. We describe an alternative repair technique using a dermal flap and traction, which leads to less apparent scarring and preserves lactation function and sensation.

Methods

Between January 2010 and January 2013, we treated 28 inverted nipples in 16 patients using two areola-based triangular dermal flaps and traction. The scar was aligned with the junction of the nipple and the areola. Postoperatively, traction was applied through an apparatus prepared from a 50-cc syringe. Patients were followed up for 8–24 months (mean = 16.5 months).

Results

Adequate projection was achieved in all patients and no wound dehiscence or complications such as infection occurred. Unilateral recurrence occurred in one patient on the 10th postoperative day. This patient was reoperated on successfully using the same method. No loss of sensation was observed in any of the patients during the postoperative period.

Conclusions

This dermal flap technique for treating inverted nipple was effective and preserved lactation function. The alignment of the scar with the junction of the nipple and the areola led to a more aesthetic appearance with no apparent scarring. The traction method helped maintain traction for a longer period, which in our opinion increased the success rate of the surgery.

Level of Evidence V

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.​springer.​com/​00266.

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