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14.11.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2018

Breast Cancer 2/2018

Investigating the therapeutic potential and mechanism of curcumin in breast cancer based on RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Rong Wang, Jinbin Li, Yulan Zhao, Yapeng Li, Ling Yin
Wichtige Hinweise
Rong Wang and Jinbin Li contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Background

Breast cancer is a prevalent cancer in female. This study aims to investigate the therapeutic potential and mechanism of curcumin in breast cancer.

Methods

After cultivation, human breast cancer cells (MCF-7 cells) were treated with 0.1% (v/v) 15 µmol/ml curcumin-dimethylsulfoxide solution and 0.1% (v/v) dimethylsulfoxide, respectively, at 37 °C and 5% CO2 for 48 h. Total RNA was extracted, cDNA library was constructed, and cDNAs were amplified and sequenced. After data preprocessing, the Cufflinks software was utilized to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs, |log2 fold change| > 0.5 and p value < 0.05). Then, functional and pathway enrichment analyses were performed through DAVID (p value < 0.05) and WebGestalt [false discovery rate (FDR) < 0.05], respectively. Furthermore, drug and disease association analyses (FDR < 0.05) were conducted through WebGestalt and DAVID, respectively. STRING was employed to construct protein–protein interaction (PPI) network (combined score > 0.4).

Results

After DEGs screening, 347 DEGs were identified. Up-regulated DEGs were enriched in 14 functions and 3 pathways, and associated with 12 drugs. Down-regulated DEGs were enriched in 14 functions and 9 pathways, and associated with 14 drugs. Moreover, 5 DEGs were associated with breast cancer, including PGAP3, MAP3K1, SERPINE1, PON2, and GSTO2. PPI network was constructed, and the top DEGs were FOS, VIM, FGF2, MAPK1, SPARC, TOMM7, PSMB10, TCEB2, SOCS1, COL4A1, UQCR11, SERPINE1, and ISG15.

Conclusion

Curcumin might have therapeutic potential in breast cancer through regulating breast cancer-related genes, including SERPINE1, PGAP3, MAP3K1, MAPK1, GSTO2, VIM, SPARC, and FGF2. However, validations are required.

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