Skip to main content
main-content

08.10.2018 | Original Article

Ion release, antimicrobial and physio-mechanical properties of glass ionomer cement containing micro or nanosized hexametaphosphate, and their effect on enamel demineralization

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Oral Investigations
Autoren:
Thayse Yumi Hosida, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem, Leonardo Antônio Morais, João Carlos Silos Moraes, Cristiane Duque, José Antônio Santos Souza, Denise Pedrini

Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate the effects of hexametaphosphate microparticles (mHMP) or nanoparticles (nHMP) incorporated in glass ionomer cement (GIC) on antimicrobial and physico-mechanical properties, fluoride (F) release, and enamel demineralization.

Material and methods

HMP solutions were obtained at concentrations of 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12%, for screening of antimicrobial activity. Next, mHMP or nHMP at 6, 9, and 12% were incorporated into a resin-modified GIC and the antibacterial activity was evaluated. The resistance to diametral tensile and compressive strength, surface hardness, and degree of monomer conversion as well as F and HMP releases of GICs were determined. Furthermore, specimens were attached to enamel blocks and submitted to pH-cycling, and mineral loss was determined. Parametric and non-parametric tests were performed, after checking data homoscedasticity (p < 0.05).

Results

HMP solutions at 6, 9, and 12% demonstrated the best antibacterial activity. GIC containing HMP showed better antibacterial effects at 9 and 12% for nHMP. Regarding F and HMP releases, the highest levels of release occurred for groups containing 9 and 12% nHMP. With the increase in HMP concentration, there was lower mineral loss. However, the incorporation of mHMP or nHMP in GIC reduced values of physico-mechanical properties when compared to the control GIC.

Conclusions

nHMP improves antimicrobial activity and fluoride release, and decreases enamel demineralization, but reduces the physico-mechanical properties of GIC.

Clinical relevance

The association of GIC/HMP could be an alternative material for patients at high risk for dental caries and could be indicated for low-stress regions or provisional restorations.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Zahnmedizin

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Zahnmedizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise