15.12.2015 | Review Article
Is Achenbach’s syndrome a surgical emergency? A systematic review
A. Kordzadeh, P. L. Caine, A. Jonas, K. M. Rhodes, Y. P. Panayiotopolous
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
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The aim of this study is to establish the nature (urgent vs. non-urgent), demographics, presentation and management of Achenbach’s syndrome and to formulate an algorithmic approach for their diagnosis and management.
Materials and methods
A systematic review and met-aggregation of literature from 1944 to 2015 in English language in MedLine, Embase and Cochrane database were conducted.
Achenbach’s syndrome is a female-dominant disease with median age of 49.5 years (range 22–76) (age ≤60, n = 11/12, 91 %). It presents with unilateral volar discoloration of a finger (100 %). It is associated with pain (n = 7/12, 58. %), edema (n = 7/12, 58 %), and paresthesia (n = 3/12, 25 %). The median time to resolution of symptoms without any intervention was 4 days (range 2–14).
AS is self-limiting and a non-urgent surgical condition. It can be differentiated from other pathologies by clinical spectrum, patient demographics and in doubtful circumstances (acute limb ischemia) by Doppler sonography. An algorithmic approach can avoid hospital admissions, partially unnecessary investigation and assist in patient assurance.