Skip to main content
main-content

10.08.2019 | Original Article Open Access

Is chest imaging relevant in diagnosing acute respiratory distress syndrome in polytrauma patients? A population-based cohort study

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
Autoren:
Karlijn Julia Patricia van Wessem, Luke Petrus Hendrikus Leenen
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00068-019-01204-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

The definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has often been modified with Berlin criteria being the most recent. ARDS is divided into three categories based on the degree of hypoxemia using PaO2/FiO2 ratio. Radiological findings are standardized with bilateral diffuse pulmonary infiltrates present on chest imaging. This study investigated whether chest imaging is relevant in diagnosing ARDS in polytrauma patients.

Methods

The 5-year prospective study included consecutive trauma patients admitted to a Level-1 Trauma Center ICU. Demographics, ISS, physiologic parameters, resuscitation parameters, and ARDS data were prospectively collected. Acute hypoxic respiratory failure (AHRF) was categorized as Berlin criteria without bilateral diffuse pulmonary infiltrates on imaging. Data are presented as median (IQR), p < 0.05 was considered significant.

Results

267 patients were included. Median age was 45 (26–59) years, 199 (75%) males, ISS was 29 (22–35), 258 (97%) patients had blunt injuries. Thirty-five (13%) patients died. 192 (72%) patients developed AHRF. AHRF patients were older, more often male, had higher ISS, needed more crystalloids and blood products than patients without AHRF. They developed more pulmonary complications, stayed longer on the ventilator, in ICU and in hospital, and died more often. Fifteen (6%) patients developed ARDS. There was no difference in outcome between ARDS and AHRF patients.

Conclusions

Many patients developed AHRF and only a few ARDS. Patients with similar hypoxemia without bilateral diffuse pulmonary infiltrates had comparable outcome as ARDS patients. Chest imaging did not influence the outcome. Large-scale multicenter validation of ARDS criteria is warranted to investigate whether diffuse bilateral pulmonary infiltrates on chest imaging could be omitted as a mandatory part of the definition of ARDS in polytrauma patients.

Unsere Produktempfehlungen

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

e.Med Orthopädie & Unfallchirurgie

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Orthopädie & Unfallchirurgie erhalten Sie Zugang zu CME-Fortbildungen der Fachgebiete, den Premium-Inhalten der dazugehörigen Fachzeitschriften, inklusive einer gedruckten Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl.

Neuer Inhalt

Print-Titel

Zusatzmaterial
Supplemental Fig. 1. A. Day of onset of Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome. B. Duration of Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome * some patients had several periods of MODS (EPS 18 kb)
68_2019_1204_MOESM1_ESM.eps
Supplemental Fig. 2. A. Individual Denver MOF scores of patients who developed Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome expressed per grade of organ failure and per category of organ failure. B.Order of failing organs related to days after admission (EPS 34 kb)
68_2019_1204_MOESM2_ESM.eps
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise