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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Surgery 1/2015

Is gallbladder inflammation more severe in male patients presenting with acute cholecystitis?

BMC Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2015
Peter C Ambe, Sebastian A Weber, Dirk Wassenberg
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

PA and DW conceptualized the study, all authors designed the study, PA and DW collected the data, PA, SW analyzed the data, all authors interpreted the results, PA and SW drafted the manuscript, all authors critically reviewed the manuscript and confirmed the final version. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



The male gender is considered a risk factor for complications in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The reasons for this gender associated risk are not clearly understood. The extent of gallbladder inflammation has been shown to influence surgical outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not gallbladder inflammation is more severe in male patients presenting with acute cholecystitis.


A retrospective gender dependent comparison of the data of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis in a primary care facility within a five-year period was performed.


138 patients, 69 males and 69 females were included for analysis. Severe gallbladder inflammation (gangrenous and necrotizing cholecystitis) was seen in a significant portion of the male population compared to the female population (p = 0.002). The male gender was confirmed in a multivariate analysis as an independent risk factor for severe cholecystits (p = 0.018).


The male gender is a risk factor for severe gallbladder inflammation. An early surgical intervention may be needed to prevent complications.
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