Skip to main content
main-content

15.11.2020 | Original Article

Is Neurodevelopment Related to Exercise Capacity in Single Ventricle Patients Who Have Undergone Fontan Palliation?

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology
Autoren:
Sean J. Cooney, Kristen Campbell, Kelly Wolfe, Michael V. DiMaria, Christopher M. Rausch
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00246-020-02497-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Survivors of palliative surgery for single ventricle heart disease (SVHD) are at risk of poor neurodevelopmental outcomes and reduced exercise capacity. In healthy populations, reduced exercise capacity is related to decreased cognition suggesting a possible relationship between exercise capacity and neurodevelopment. Using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and neuropsychological testing (NPT) as indicators of exercise capacity and neurodevelopment, respectively, we hypothesized that in SVHD, higher CPET measures are related to better NPT performance. Patients were retrospectively identified. CPET variables included VO2max, anaerobic threshold, peak heart rate, ventilatory efficiency, and respiratory exchange ratio. NPT instruments were divided into domains measuring attention, executive functioning, adaptive functioning, and emotional functioning. Linear regression was used to test for associations between CPET and NPT. 23 subjects with SVHD met inclusion criteria. On both CPET and NPT, the cohort scored worse than healthy, age-matched subjects. Higher VO2max and anaerobic threshold were associated with better parent-rated overall adaptive functioning (p = 0.01 and p = 0.02, respectively). Higher peak heart rate was related to better sustained visual attention (p = 0.01). In SVHD, CPET measures indicating better exercise capacity were positively associated with a subset of scores on NPT. Larger, multisite studies implementing cardiorespiratory fitness intervention and incorporating cognitive outcome measures will be needed to better characterize the relationship between neurodevelopment and functional capacity in this population. Results may assist in providing anticipatory guidance and optimizing post-Fontan developmental trajectories.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Zusatzmaterial
Nur für berechtigte Nutzer zugänglich
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Pädiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise