Skip to main content
main-content

01.06.2014 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 6/2014

Clinical Research in Cardiology 6/2014

Ivabradine therapy to unmask heart rate-independent effects of β-blockers on pulse wave reflections

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Research in Cardiology > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Ulrich Fischer-Rasokat, Jörg Honold, Denise Lochmann, Christoph Liebetrau, Jürgen Leick, Christian Hamm, Stephan Fichtlscherer, Helge Möllmann, Ioakim Spyridopoulos

Abstract

Background

Prior studies suggest that β-blockers lead to increased pulse wave reflections, thereby negating the blood pressure lowering effects on cardiovascular mortality. Parts of these effects may be induced by the heart rate reduction under β-blockade. The aim of this study was to unmask heart rate-independent effects of β-blockade on pulse wave reflections by switching therapy from β-blockers to ivabradine, an I f channel inhibitor without impact on systemic hemodynamics.

Methods

14 male patients (age 61 ± 3 years, LVEF 62 ± 1 %) with arterial hypertension and coronary artery disease (CAD) under chronic β-blocker therapy at moderate dosage and additional renin-angiotensin system-blocking therapy were included. We determined radial augmentation index (rAI) by radial applanation tonometry in patients under β-blockade both at rest and during early recovery after exercise. β-Blockers were then replaced by ivabradine. Six weeks later, patients were re-tested at rest and after exercise under ivabradine therapy.

Results

Mean heart rate (68 ± 3 vs. 63 ± 3 bpm; p = ns) and resting mean arterial pressure (98 ± 2 vs. 98 ± 2 mmHg; p = ns) were not different between β-blocker or ivabradine therapy, respectively. The rAI remained unchanged after switching therapy from β-blocker to ivabradine (86 ± 2 vs. 84 ± 4 %; p = ns). Post exercise, the rAI revealed an identical decrease in both groups (−7.2 ± 2.4 vs. −5.4 ± 2.5 %, p = ns). The increase in heart rate between resting conditions and early recovery post exercise was inversely correlated with the decrease of rAI under β-blockade (r = −0.70; p < 0.01) and showed a trend towards correlation under ivabradine (r = −0.52; p = 0.07).

Conclusion

In men at the age of 60 years and CAD, β-blockade does not exert heart rate-independent, pleiotropic effects on peripheral pulse wave reflections, both at rest or after exercise. Our results fit well within recent studies, demonstrating the fundamental influence of heart rate on rAI.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2014

Clinical Research in Cardiology 6/2014 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise