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Journal of Urban Health OnlineFirst articles

30.03.2020

Neighborhood Environments, SNAP-Ed Eligibility, and Health Behaviors: An Analysis of the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

Neighborhood conditions are associated with health outcomes, but whether individual health behaviors are independent of or associated with the settings are not clear. We analyzed the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) (N = 11,152) data to …

Autoren:
Jonathan Cantor, Deborah A. Cohen, Julia Caldwell, Tony Kuo

30.03.2020

Recent Partner Violence, Sexual Relationship Power, and STIs among Women Who Use Methamphetamine: Does Type of Sexual Partner Matter?

Methamphetamine use, sexual relationship power (SRP), and partner violence (PV) are associated with increased risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among women. The objective of our study was to examine the association of recent PV and …

Autoren:
Jamila K. Stockman, Hitomi D. Hayashi, Richard F.W. Barnes, Tala Al-Rousan, Shirley S. Semple, Mona Mittal, James Zians, Thomas L. Patterson

24.03.2020

A Typology of Civilians Shot and Killed by US Police: a Latent Class Analysis of Firearm Legal Intervention Homicide in the 2014–2015 National Violent Death Reporting System

Approximately 1000 people are killed by police acting in the line of duty each year. Historically, research on these deaths, known as legal intervention homicides (LIH), has been limited by data that is either contextually rich but narrow in scope …

Autoren:
Joseph Wertz, Deborah Azrael, John Berrigan, Catherine Barber, Eliot Nelson, David Hemenway, Carmel Salhi, Matthew Miller

16.03.2020

Socio-Structural and Neighborhood Predictors of Incident Criminal Justice Involvement in a Population-Based Cohort of Young Black MSM and Transgender Women

Black men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women are disproportionately affected by criminal justice involvement (CJI) and HIV. This study recruited 618 young Black MSM and transgender women in Chicago, IL, using respondent-driven …

Autoren:
Anna L. Hotton, Yen-Tyng Chen, Phil Schumm, Aditya S. Khanna, Russell Brewer, Britt Skaathun, Rodal S. Issema, Santhoshini Ramani, Arthi Ramachandran, Jonathan Ozik, Kayo Fujimoto, Nina T. Harawa, John A. Schneider

07.02.2020

Entry to Sex Trade and Long-Term Vulnerabilities of Female Sex Workers Who Enter the Sex Trade Before the Age of Eighteen

Female sex workers are a structurally vulnerable population, including critical insecurity such as having access to food and shelter. This risk may be heightened among individuals who enter sex work as minors. However, the reasons for entering sex …

Autoren:
Katherine H. A. Footer, Rebecca Hamilton White, Ju Nyeong Park, Michele R. Decker, Alexandra Lutnick, Susan G. Sherman

04.02.2020

Disclosure of HIV Status and HIV Sexual Transmission Behaviors among HIV-Positive Black Men Who Have Sex with Men in the BROTHERS (HPTN 061) Study

We assessed whether disclosure of HIV status is significantly associated with reported HIV sexual risk behaviors among HIV positive Black/African American men who have sex with men (MSM) (Black MSM) in six cities in the USA. Participants from the …

Autoren:
Chukwuemeka N. Okafor, Michael J. Li, Christopher Hucks-Ortiz, Kenneth H. Mayer, Steve Shoptaw

03.02.2020

Impact of Removing Medicaid Fee-for-Service Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Treatment Restrictions on HCV Provider Experience with Medicaid Managed Care Organizations in New York City

Immediately after the approval of direct-acting antiviral medications for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in 2013, state Medicaid programs limited access to these expensive treatments based on liver disease stage, absence of active …

Autoren:
Czarina N. Behrends, Sarah Gutkind, Regan Deming, Kyle R. Fluegge, Marie P. Bresnahan, Bruce R. Schackman

02.01.2020

Foretelling the Future: Predicting STI Diagnosis and Its Implications for Ending the HIV Epidemic among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men

Despite evidence of the link between STI and HIV transmission, STI rates remain alarmingly high, particularly among racial/ethnic minorities. This study examined the relationship between earlier STI diagnoses (gonorrhea and chlamydia) and future …

Autoren:
Paul A. Burns, Leandro A. Mena, Richard L. Crosby

26.12.2019 | Correction

Correction to: Use of Urban Health Indicator Tools by Built Environment Policy- and Decision-Makers: a Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis

There were errors in this article as originally published.

Autoren:
Helen Pineo, Ketevan Glonti, Harry Rutter, Nici Zimmermann, Paul Wilkinson, Michael Davies

03.09.2019 Open Access

Use of Urban Health Indicator Tools by Built Environment Policy- and Decision-Makers: a Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis

Global initiatives have raised awareness of the need for cross-departmental and cross-sectoral activities to support urban health, sustainability, and equity, with respective indicators routinely used as a way to catalyze and monitor action toward …

Autoren:
Helen Pineo, Ketevan Glonti, Harry Rutter, Nici Zimmermann, Paul Wilkinson, Michael Davies

18.06.2019

Experiences of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)–Related Stigma among Black MSM PrEP Users in Los Angeles

Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV infection in the USA. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a proven efficacious biomedical prevention strategy with the potential to alter significantly the course of the …

Autoren:
Ronald A. Brooks, Omar Nieto, Amanda Landrian, Anne Fehrenbacher, Alejandra Cabral

27.02.2019

Association between Recent Criminal Justice Involvement and Transactional Sex among African American Men Who Have Sex with Men in Baltimore

Non-Hispanic Black/African American men who have sex with men (AAMSM) have been disproportionately affected by criminal justice (CJ) involvement and HIV. One potential pathway between CJ involvement and high HIV prevalence and incidence among …

Autoren:
Cui Yang, Nick Zaller, Catie Clyde, Karin Tobin, Carl Latkin

29.05.2018

Neighborhood and Network Characteristics and the HIV Care Continuum among Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men

In order for treatment as prevention to work as a national strategy to contain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the United States (US), the HIV care continuum must become more robust, retaining more individuals at each step. The majority of people living …

Autoren:
Hong-Van Tieu, Beryl A. Koblin, Carl Latkin, Frank C. Curriero, Emily R. Greene, Andrew Rundle, Victoria Frye