Skip to main content
main-content

Journal of General Internal Medicine OnlineFirst articles

19.07.2019 | Concise Research Reports

Overweight and Obese Have Similar Burden of Hip Fracture as Normal Weight Older Adults

The association between body weight and fracture risk is a significant public health concern as the majority of older adults are overweight or obese and have low mineral density. 1 Osteoporotic fractures are projected to cost $25 billion in health …

Autoren:
PhD, MA, MS Jennifer T. Lloyd, PhD Shari R. Waldstein, MD, MPH Marc C. Hochberg, PhD Denise L. Orwig, PhD Dawn E. Alley

19.07.2019 | Concise Research Reports

Trends in Prevalence of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in US Adults with Prediabetes

Prediabetes affects 84 million US adults, more than 50% of whom will develop diabetes in 15 years. 1 Once patients develop diabetes, up to 75% will have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and many of these will develop nonalcoholic …

Autoren:
PhD, MPH Phuc Le, MD, MPH Alexander Chaitoff, MD, MPH Michael B. Rothberg, MD Naim Alkhouri, MD Arthur McCullough

19.07.2019

Survey of Adult Influenza Vaccination Practices and Perspectives Among US Primary Care Providers (2016–2017 Influenza Season)

Influenza contributes to approximately 40,000 deaths annually in the USA. 1 During the 2017–2018 influenza season, the cumulative hospitalization rate for illness associated with laboratory-confirmed influenza was 106.6 per 100,000 for all age …

Autoren:
MD, MSCS Jessica R. Cataldi, MD, MPH Sean T. O’Leary, MPH Megan C. Lindley, MD, MPH Laura P. Hurley, MD, MPH Mandy A. Allison, PhD, MPH Michaela Brtnikova, MSPH Brenda L. Beaty, PhD, MPH Lori A. Crane, MD, MPH Allison Kempe

19.07.2019 | Letter to the Editor

Physician Empathy and Diabetes Outcomes

Autoren:
PhD Mohammadreza Hojat, PharmD Vittorio Maio, MD Fred W. Markham, MS Daniel Z. Louis, MD Joseph S. Gonnella

19.07.2019 | Concise Research Report

Use of Z-Codes to Record Social Determinants of Health Among Fee-for-service Medicare Beneficiaries in 2017

Social determinants of health are increasingly recognized as important contributors to individual health, population health, and healthcare spending. 1 In high-income countries, their inclusion in risk-adjustment models matters. 2 US adoption of …

Autoren:
MD, PhD, MBA William B. Weeks, MHS Stacey Y. Cao, PhD Chris M. Lester, DO, MS James N. Weinstein, MD, MPH Nancy E. Morden

19.07.2019 | Concise Research Report

Hepatitis C Treatment Uptake by New Prescribers After the Introduction of Direct Acting Antivirals

Hepatitis C (HCV) treatment has undergone a revolution since the introduction of highly effective, all-oral, once-daily direct acting antiviral (DAA) regimens in 2014. The previous less effective and more toxic regimens, which included injectable …

Autoren:
MD, MS Shashi N. Kapadia, MBA Phyllis Johnson, PhD Bruce R Schackman, PhD Yuhua Bao

18.07.2019 | Concise Research Report

Cancer Prevalence Among Adults with Criminal Justice Involvement from a National Survey

The number of individuals under correctional control in the USA has increased substantially. By 2016, approximately 6 million individuals were incarcerated or under community supervision on any given day. 1 Individuals involved in the criminal …

Autoren:
MD Lisa B. Puglisi, MD, MSc Tyler N. A. Winkelman, MD Cary P. Gross, MD, MAS Emily A. Wang

16.07.2019 | Concise Research Report

Associations of Diabetes Genetic Risk Counseling with Incident Diabetes and Weight: 5-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial

Despite advances in understanding the genetics of type 2 diabetes (T2D), the benefits of precision medicine—better disease risk prediction and individually tailored prevention or treatment—remain aspirational. While patients have reported that …

Autoren:
MD, PhD Sridharan Raghavan, PhD, MPH Kerui Xu, PhD Cynthia J. Coffman, MD Samantha Pabich, MD David Edelman, PhD Corrine I. Voils

16.07.2019 | Capsule Commentary

Capsule Commentary on van Walraven’s “The influence of inpatient physician continuity on hospital discharge”

Autor:
MD, MPH David G. Paje

16.07.2019 | Concise Research Reports

Medicare Spending on Drugs and Biologics Not Recommended for Coverage by International Health Technology Assessment Agencies

The United States (US) spends more on prescription medications than any other country. 1 Many countries have created a central health technology assessment (HTA) agency to analyze available evidence on clinical safety and efficacy, as well as …

Autoren:
BA Alexander C. Egilman, MS, PhD Joshua D. Wallach, MD, MHS Sanket S. Dhruva, PhD Gregg S. Gonsalves, MD, MHS Joseph S. Ross

16.07.2019 | Concise Research Reports

Inappropriate Fluoroquinolone Use in Academic and Non-academic Primary Care Clinics

Within the USA, it is estimated that 30% of outpatient antibiotic prescriptions may be inappropriate. 1 In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released the Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship , which recommended …

Autoren:
PharmD Adrian Brown, PharmD, BCPS Jordan R. Wong, MD Sheetal Kandiah, PharmD Justin Moore, PharmD, BCACP, CDE Kristi Quairoli

16.07.2019 | Original Research

Understanding Primary Care Patients’ Self-weighing Habits: Cohort Analysis from the PaTH Clinical Data Research Network

Rates of obesity continue to rise in the USA, with 39.6% of US adults having an obese body mass index (BMI) in 2015–2016, an increase from 33.7% of adults in 2007–2008. 1 High rates of overweight and obesity are a public health urgency because of …

Autoren:
MD, MPH Carolyn T. Bramante, MD, MPH, MS Kathleen M. McTigue, MD, Ph.D. Harold P. Lehmann, MD, MPH Jeanne M. Clark, Ph.D. Scott Rothenberger, MD, MPH Jennifer Kraschnewski, Ph.D. Michelle R. Lent, MD, MPH Sharon J. Herring, MD, MPH Molly B. Conroy, AA Jody McCullough, MD, MPH Wendy L. Bennett

16.07.2019 | Clinical Practice: Clinical Images

The Oil Drop Sign

Autoren:
B.S. Ramy Sadek, M.D. André M. Mansoor

16.07.2019 | Perspective

Health Repercussions of a Culture of Fear Within Undocumented Immigrant Communities

Autoren:
MD Matthew Stutz, MD Vanessa Rivas-Lopez, MD Brian Lonquich, MD Arshiya A. Baig

16.07.2019 | Concise Research Reports

Clinician Encouragement and Online Health Record Usage

Despite widespread adoption of electronic health records, under 30% of patients access their health records through portals. 1 Patients who are at socioeconomic disadvantage, or of minority racial groups, have even lower adoption. 2 , 3 Digitally …

Autoren:
MD, MPH Bradley H. Crotty, MPP, PhD Aaron N. Winn, PhD Onur Asan, MPH Sneha Nagavally, PhD Rebekah J. Walker, MD, MS Leonard E. Egede

16.07.2019 | Concise Research Reports

Association Between the Number of Certified Buprenorphine Prescribers and the Quantity of Buprenorphine Prescriptions: Evidence from 2015 to 2017

Increasing access to buprenorphine treatment for opioid use disorder is a key strategy for reducing overdoses. 1 However, treatment capacity is limited because buprenorphine can only be prescribed by certified providers. To expand capacity, recent …

Autoren:
PhD Lee-Kai Lin, PhD Kosali Simon, PhD Alex Hollingsworth, PhD Brendan Saloner

16.07.2019 | Clinical Practice: Clinical Vignettes

Nonbacterial Thrombotic Endocarditis Due to Primary Gallbladder Malignancy with Recurrent Stroke Despite Anticoagulation: Case Report and Literature Review

Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) associated with malignancy is rare; its infrequency and similarity to other diagnoses make it a significant diagnostic challenge. A 63-year-old woman on rivaroxaban for prior deep vein thrombosis …

Autoren:
M.D. Marissa K. Shoji, M.D. June-Ho Kim, M.D. Salina Bakshi, M.D. Nicolas Govea, M.D. Nareh Marukian, M.D. Sally J. Wang

16.07.2019 | Letter to the Editor

Abnormal Liver Enzymes

Autoren:
Ph.D. John Bian, M.D., M.S.C.R. Andrew D. Schreiner, M.D. Don C. Rockey

16.07.2019 | Original Research

Electronic Health Record Mortality Prediction Model for Targeted Palliative Care Among Hospitalized Medical Patients: a Pilot Quasi-experimental Study

Hospitals nationwide have invested in palliative care programs to improve the quality of care for seriously ill patients. 1 Hospital-based palliative care consultation has been shown to decrease length of stay (LOS), readmission rates, and health …

Autoren:
MD, MS Katherine R. Courtright, PhD Corey Chivers, BSc Michael Becker, PhD Susan H. Regli, MD Linnea C. Pepper, BSc Michael E. Draugelis, MD Nina R. O’Connor

16.07.2019 | Concise Research Report

Patient Perspectives on Primary HPV Testing for Routine Cervical Cancer Screening

Driven by advances in screening technologies and an increased understanding of the natural history of cervical cancer, routine cervical cancer screening guidelines have changed from annual screening with cytology to less frequent screening using …

Autoren:
MPH Shannon N. Ogden, PhD, MPH Karen Glanz, MD, MPH Marilyn M. Schapira, BA Claire Bocage, PhD, RN Whitney Eriksen, PhD, MSW, MPH Katharine A. Rendle