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Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology OnlineFirst articles

17.09.2021 | Case Report

Colorectal barotrauma following compressed air spray to the perineum

Colorectal injuries caused by high-pressure air compressors are rare and reported especially among industrial workers. They may appear because of intended or accidental injury. In the present paper, we report a case of colorectal injuries due to …

Mariem Bel Hadj, Ibtissem Korbi, Dorra Oualha, Nouha Ben Abdeljelil, Nidhal Haj Salem, Ali Chadly

17.09.2021 | Original Article Open Access

Beyond the visible spectrum – applying 3D multispectral full-body imaging to the VirtoScan system

Multispectral photography offers a wide range of applications for forensic investigations. It is commonly used to detect latent evidence and to enhance the visibility of findings. Additionally, three-dimensional (3D) full-body documentation has …

Sören Kottner, Martin M. Schulz, Florian Berger, Michael Thali, Dominic Gascho

16.09.2021 | Letter to the Editor

Regarding ‘traumatic herniation of intestine through ruptured skin at the ankle’

Slobodan Nikolić, Danica Cvetković, Vladimir Živković

08.09.2021 | Technical Report

A study into the viability of Synbone® as a proxy for Sus scrofa (domesticus) ribs for use with 7.62 × 51 mm Full Metal Jacket ammunition in ballistic testing

Forensic reconstructions and ballistic testing requires the use of consistent and repeatable simulants. Synthetic bone has been developed to be mechanically similar to human bone; however, it does not have the same viscoelastic properties. Bone …

Amy E. Pullen, David C. Kieser, Gary Hooper, Thomas C. H. Plummer

31.08.2021 | COVID-19 | Original Article Open Access

Cytokine storm and histopathological findings in 60 cases of COVID-19-related death: from viral load research to immunohistochemical quantification of major players IL-1β, IL-6, IL-15 and TNF-α

This study involves the histological analysis of samples taken during autopsies in cases of COVID-19 related death to evaluate the inflammatory cytokine response and the tissue localization of the virus in various organs. In all the selected …

Paolo Frisoni, Margherita Neri, Stefano D’Errico, Letizia Alfieri, Diana Bonuccelli, Mariano Cingolani, Marco Di Paolo, Rosa Maria Gaudio, Maurizio Lestani, Matteo Marti, Massimo Martelloni, Carlo Moreschi, Alessandro Santurro, Matteo Scopetti, Ombretta Turriziani, Martina Zanon, Roberto Scendoni, Paola Frati, Vittorio Fineschi

27.08.2021 | Letter to the Editor

Recognition and confirmation of Fox sign

Steven H. Yale, Halil Tekiner, Eileen S. Yale

27.08.2021 | Case Report

Sudden death after being in a bounce house: a late complication of congenital diaphragmatic hernia

A 3-year-old white female with no significant past medical history was found unresponsive and apneic after several hours of vomiting. The patient had reportedly felt unwell since jumping in a bounce house at a festival earlier in the day. After …

Kendall Smith, Brandy Shattuck, James Elliott

26.08.2021 | Original Article

Mob justice fatalities in South Africa: a forensic mortuary study

Mob justice fatalities are a gross violation of human rights as they represent extra-legal punishment. There is a paucity of research relating to the demographics of at-risk groups, nature of injuries and the impact to the Forensic Pathology …

Sajida Medar, Craig Adam Keyes, Shirley Jena Stuart

21.08.2021 | Commentary

The potential side effects of herbal preparations in domestic animals

A recent series of deaths in previously healthy dogs in Victoria, Australia associated with the ingestion of raw meat contaminated by indospicine derived from native Australian plants of the Indigofera species draws attention to the potential that …

Roger W. Byard, Ian Musgrave

20.08.2021 | Case Report

Sudden death due to leukostasis in a subject with undiagnosed chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Sudden death due to leukostasis and lymphocyte thrombi in patients with chronic hematologic malignancies is rare. Leukostasis is characterized by highly elevated leukemic cell count and decreased tissue perfusion symptoms, leading to severe …

Lorenzo Gitto, Rohin Mehta, Kanish Mirchia, Christopher Ramos, Michel Tawil, Serenella Serinelli

18.08.2021 | Review

Organ transplantation in Arabian Gulf countries: ethical and legal practice and beyond

Almost half a century ago, organ transplantation was introduced to Arabian Gulf countries. The criteria for diagnosing brain death among these countries is relatively similar, in which the main area of discrepancy is the number of physicians …

Najd S. AlSulaiman, Maha A. Alassaf, Dhuha N. Boumarah, Aldana M. Almubireek, Gaeda K. Alkaltham, Ritesh G. Menezes

12.08.2021 | Original Article

Expression of FcεRIα and tryptase in human lung tissue during drug-induced anaphylactic death

The diagnosis of drug-induced anaphylactic death is an important component of forensic medicine. The purpose of this study was to explore the expression of FcεRIα and tryptase in human lung tissue during drug-induced anaphylactic death and its …

Chunmei Feng, Chaoxu Zhang, Pengfei Wang, Xiaolong Wang, Jiabin You, Guohua Zhang, Hao Yu

12.08.2021 | Case Report

Medullary thyroid carcinoma with diabetic ketoacidosis: an autopsy case report and literature review

Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare neuroendocrine tumor of parafollicular C cells. The majority of MTCs occur sporadically, but about 30% of the cases are associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) syndrome or familial …

Harin Cheong, Hyun Lyoung Koo

04.08.2021 | Correction

Correction to: Rapid development of an iatrogenic aortic dissection following transcatheter aortic valve implantation

The article Rapid development of an iatrogenic aortic dissection following transcatheter aortic valve implantation , written by Julian Geile , Elke Doberentz , Burkhard Madea was originally published Online First without open access. After …

Julian Geile, Elke Doberentz, Burkhard Madea

29.07.2021 | Images in Forensics

Gastro-esophageal pharmacobezoar

A 35-year-old man with schizophrenia died from an overdose of propranolol (blood level = 60 mg/L). Post mortem CT scanning showed marked distension of the esophagus by granular material with a bolus of similar material within the stomach. At …

Roger W. Byard, Marc Grabowski

29.07.2021 | Lessons from the Museum

Cryptococcosis and unexpected death

Cryptococcosis is a fungal disease caused predominantly by Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gatti. It is most often found in immunocompromised individuals and has quite protean and chronic manifestations affecting all body systems. The …

Abbie Tu, Roger W. Byard

22.07.2021 | Technical Report Open Access

The human intervertebral disc as a source of DNA for molecular identification

Genetic analyses such as STR-typing are routinely used for identification purposes in forensic casework. Although genotyping techniques only require a minimum amount of DNA to provide a genetic profile, DNA quality differs not only between but …

Julia Becker, Nina Sophia Mahlke, Stefanie Ritz-Timme, Petra Boehme

09.07.2021 | Images in Forensics

Traumatic herniation of intestine through ruptured skin at the ankle

Vehicular runover of pedestrians is a commonly reported occurrence in literature. The usual presentations at autopsy are avulsion of the intra-abdominal viscera, solid organ crushing, hemorrhage, fracture of pelvic bone and vertebra, and …

Siddhartha Das, Kirthika Ravi

23.06.2021 | COVID-19 | Original Article Zur Zeit gratis

Post-mortem CT lung findings at a medicolegal institute in SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR positive cases with autopsy correlation

CoVID-19 is a novel viral infection with now well-established clinical radiological findings. There is limited data on post-mortem imaging. We explore the proposition that PMCT could be used as screening test. In an 11-week period, 39 deceased …

Chris O’Donnell, Linda Iles, Noel Woodford

16.06.2021 | Letter to the Editor

Clandestine mummified remains

Vladimir Živković, Danica Cvetković, Irina Damjanjuk, Slobodan Nikolić