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Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology OnlineFirst articles

06.06.2023 | Original Article

Age estimation from iliac auricular surface using Bayesian inference and principal component analysis: a CT-based study in an Indian population

Age estimation constitutes one of the pillars of human identification. The auricular surface of the ilium presents as a durable and robust structure within the human skeletal framework, capable of enabling accurate age estimation in older adults.

verfasst von:
Varsha Warrier, Rutwik Shedge, Pawan Kumar Garg, Shilpi Gupta Dixit, Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan

02.06.2023 | Original Article

A pilot study investigating early postmortem interval of rats based on ambient temperature and postmortem interval-related metabolites in blood

Estimation of the postmortem interval (PMI), especially the early PMI, plays a key role in forensic practice. Although several studies based on metabolomics approaches have presented significant findings for PMI estimation, most did not examine …

verfasst von:
Shiyong Fang, Xinhua Dai, Xiaoling Shi, Li Xiao, Yi Ye, Linchuan Liao

02.06.2023 | Original Article

Development of a multiplex panel with 36 insertion/deletion markers (InDel) for individual identification

In recent years, the insertion/deletion (InDel) polymorphism has become a preferred genetic marker in forensic genetics due to its low mutation rates and small amplicon sizes. In this study, a 36-InDelplex identification panel, consisting of …

verfasst von:
Gonul Filoglu, Arzu Duvenci, Sebahat Tas, Huseyin Karadayi, Faruk Asicioglu, Ozlem Bulbul

31.05.2023 | Technical Report

Conventional HE staining combined with two special staining methods to identify antemortem stab wound in case with highly decomposed mutilated corpses

This study aims to identify an antemortem neck stab wound on a highly decomposed, headless and mutilated body by conventional hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining combined with Ponceau-Victoria blue B staining (P-VB staining) and Masson staining.

verfasst von:
Zeyu Chen, Xiaojun Yu, Yinglin Zhu, Guanghui Zhu, Bo Li, Junyao Lv

Open Access 27.05.2023 | Review

Cheiloscopy in sex estimation: a systematic review

This study aimed to conduct a systematic review to gather evidence to clarify if cheiloscopy can be used in sex estimation and identify the reasons behind the lack of consensus in the scientific community. The systematic review was performed …

verfasst von:
Tânia Chaves, Álvaro Azevedo, Inês Morais Caldas

27.05.2023 | Original Article

A beetle for prosecution: exogenous DNA detection from larval and adult gut of a Neotropical carrion beetle

The use of recovered DNA ingested by necrophagous or hematophagous insects has increased in forensic sciences, mainly with representatives of flies. However, some beetles are also important for medico-legal forensic entomology because they feed on …

verfasst von:
Alessandra Santana Batista Toni, José Eduardo Serrão, Verônica Saraiva Fialho

26.05.2023 | Original Article

Cardiovascular-related death in infancy and childhood: a clinicopathological study of two referral institutions in England

To review post-mortem findings among deaths presenting as sudden and/or unexpected deaths in two centers in the UK during a 16-year period in order to identify those related to cardiovascular conditions. The post-mortem databases of two tertiary …

verfasst von:
Fu Chuen Kon, Irene Scheimberg, Mohammad Haini, Marta C. Cohen

Open Access 24.05.2023 | Original Article

The transversoclasiotome: a novel instrument for examining the vertebral artery

Opening the foramen transversarium of the cervical vertebrae is necessary for accessing the vertebral vessels. There are no specialist tools for cutting the anterior lamina of the transverse processes, and alternatives lead to questionable …

verfasst von:
Rafael Boscolo-Berto, Veronica Macchi, R. Shane Tubbs, Aron Emmi, Carla Stecco, Marios Loukas, Andrea Porzionato, Raffaele De Caro

24.05.2023 | Case Report

Acute subdural hematoma caused by rupture of a mycotic aneurysm due to meningitis associated with infectious endocarditis: comparison of autopsy findings with postmortem computed tomography

Forensic pathologists often encounter cases of acute subdural hematoma (SDH) due to trauma, whereas those attributable to endogenous causes are rare. Here, we report a case of the latter type in a 42-year-old man who was found dead at home after …

verfasst von:
Haruki Fukuda, Akira Hayakawa, Yoichiro Takahashi, Yuka Komatsu, Miki Kawamura, Rieko Kubo, Hiroyuki Tokue, Yoshihiko Kominato, Rie Sano

24.05.2023 | Case Report

Fatal cerebral sinus thrombosis associated with diabetic ketoacidosis in a child

Cerebral sinus thrombosis (CST) is an uncommon condition in children with a variable clinical presentation which has rarely been described in the setting of diabetic ketoacidosis. We present the case of 14-year-old child in whom lateral sinus …

verfasst von:
Mohamed Bellali, Mohamed Amine Zaara, Azza Belhaj, Soumaya Rammeh, Moncef Hamdoun, Mehdi Benkhelil

24.05.2023 | Review

Cameriere’s open apices methodology for dental age estimation in children: a scoping review from a Latin American perspective

Dental age estimation (DAE) is key to establishing an individual’s identity, and this is relevant in minors. A widely used method for DAE in children is Cameriere’s open apices (CAM). Despite its wide dissemination, there are no clear reports of …

verfasst von:
Cynthia Rodríguez-Niklitschek, Gonzalo H. Oporto, Priscila Chuhuaicura, Inmaculada Alemán, Gabriel M. Fonseca

24.05.2023 | Original Article

Simplified COI barcoding of blow, flesh, and scuttle flies encountered in medicolegal investigations

Accurate insect identification is critical to the estimation of time of colonization (TOC) and post-mortem interval (PMI) in medicolegal death investigations. DNA testing is advantageous because it enables the identification of immature specimens …

verfasst von:
Sam C. Kwiatkowski, Michelle R. Sanford, Michael Donley, Katherine Welch, Roger Kahn

24.05.2023 | Case Report

Four cases of fatal acute arsenic poisoning: histopathology, toxicology, and new trends

Arsenic is a valuable component in tumor treatment and traditional Chinese medicine and has seen widespread use in processing, manufacturing, and agriculture. Although rare, arsenic poisoning can occur in forensic practice. Elusive pathological …

verfasst von:
Yu Liu, Xin Tong, Shuquan Zhao, Zhonghao Yu, Jiaxin Zhang, Longda Ma, Qing Shi, Yiwu Zhou

Open Access 23.05.2023 | Lessons from the Museum

The association of Ned Kelly tattoos with suicide and homicide in a forensic context—a confirmatory prospective study

Ned Kelly, an iconic figure in contemporary Australian mythology, was a bushranger (outlaw) who was executed in 1880 for the murder of a serving police officer, Constable Thomas Lonigan. Kelly is often commemorated by tattoos which depict his …

verfasst von:
Roger W. Byard, Hamish Maxwell-Stewart

23.05.2023 | Letter to the Editor

Commentary on “Pulmonary barotrauma in SCUBA diving‐related fatalities: a histological and histomorphometric analysis”

verfasst von:
Valentina Bugelli, Ilaria Tarozzi, Lorenzo Franceschetti

18.05.2023 | Original Article

Potential use of the cusp and crown areas of the maxillary posterior teeth measured with a two-dimensional stereomicroscope for sex determination

In this study, we aimed to compare the cusp and crown areas of the maxillary first premolar (PM1), second premolar (PM2), and first molar (M1) in males and females in the Malay population and to formulate sex prediction models. For this purpose …

verfasst von:
Samiya Riaz, Mohd Fadhli Bin Khamis, Wan Muhamad Amir Bin W Ahmad, Johari Yap Abdullah, Mohammad Khursheed Alam

Open Access 17.05.2023 | Lessons from the Museum

Premature burial

The fear of being buried alive or taphophobia remains a significant concern for a number of individuals. In previous centuries however, reports of live burials were frequently promulgated in the media fostering an industry focused around the …

verfasst von:
Roger W. Byard

Open Access 13.05.2023 | Original Article

Fatal gastric volvulus: forensic pathology considerations and postmortem CT findings

Gastric volvulus is a rare cause of gastric obstruction, due to the rotation of the stomach by more than 180°. It is a rare but life-threatening medical emergency that is considered difficult to diagnose at the initial clinical presentation.

verfasst von:
Marcus Littlewood, Chris O’Donnell, Sarah Parsons, Melanie S. Archer, Hans H. de Boer

13.05.2023 | Review

Age estimation by evaluation of obliteration of the palatine sutures: a scoping review

The age estimation (AE) of human remains is a challenging task since it is dependent on the state in which these remains are found. Since the macroscopic evaluation of palatal sutures has been proposed as a method for AE, the aim of this study was …

verfasst von:
Paulina Gutiérrez-Tiznado, Sandra López-Lázaro, Gabriel M. Fonseca

12.05.2023 | Letter to the Editor

Injury distribution and severity in suicidal versus accidental fall from heights: need for a multifactorial consideration

verfasst von:
Pulagura Siva Sai Kumar, Vikas Meshram, Tanuj Kanchan