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Sports Medicine OnlineFirst articles

10.08.2020 | Systematic Review

The Use of Acute Exercise Interventions as Game Day Priming Strategies to Improve Physical Performance and Athlete Readiness in Team-Sport Athletes: A Systematic Review

Team sports often require athletes to complete sport-specific tasks alongside repeated maximal or near maximal efforts (e.g. accelerating, decelerating, sprinting, jumping, and changing direction) that are interspersed with brief recovery periods …

Autoren:
Billy Mason, Andrew McKune, Kate Pumpa, Nick Ball

05.08.2020 | Systematic Review

The Effects of Acute Exposure to Prolonged Sitting, With and Without Interruption, on Vascular Function Among Adults: A Meta-analysis

Chronic exposure to sedentary behaviour, characterised by low energy expenditure (≤ 1.5 metabolic equivalents) in a seated, reclined, or lying posture [ 1 ] has been associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality [ 2 …,

Autoren:
Craig Paterson, Simon Fryer, Gabriel Zieff, Keeron Stone, Daniel P. Credeur, Bethany Barone Gibbs, Jaume Padilla, John K. Parker, Lee Stoner

05.08.2020 | Review Article

Sports Injury Forecasting and Complexity: A Synergetic Approach

The understanding that sports injury is the result of the interaction among many factors and that specific profiles could increase the risk of the occurrence of a given injury was a significant step in establishing programs for injury prevention.

Autoren:
Sergio T. Fonseca, Thales R. Souza, Evert Verhagen, Richard van Emmerik, Natalia F. N. Bittencourt, Luciana D. M. Mendonça, André G. P. Andrade, Renan A. Resende, Juliana M. Ocarino

05.08.2020 | Systematic Review Open Access

Effects of Resistance Training on Physical Fitness in Healthy Children and Adolescents: An Umbrella Review

Despite previous misconceptions on the effectiveness and safety of youth resistance training (RT), more recent studies show convincing evidence of RT on markers of performance and health in healthy children and adolescents, if appropriately …

Autoren:
Melanie Lesinski, Michael Herz, Alina Schmelcher, Urs Granacher

01.08.2020 | Systematic Review

Effects of Resistance Training on Muscle Size and Strength in Very Elderly Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Dynapenia is the age-associated loss of muscle strength [ 1 ]. Low muscle strength increases the risk of mobility limitations and mortality in older adults [ 1 – 4 ]. Sarcopenia is a progressive skeletal muscle characterized by a degenerative loss …

Autoren:
Jozo Grgic, Alessandro Garofolini, John Orazem, Filip Sabol, Brad J. Schoenfeld, Zeljko Pedisic

30.07.2020 | Review Article

An Examination and Critique of Current Methods to Determine Exercise Intensity

Prescribing the frequency, duration, or volume of training is simple as these factors can be altered by manipulating the number of exercise sessions per week, the duration of each session, or the total work performed in a given time frame (e.g. …

Autoren:
Nicholas A. Jamnick, Robert W. Pettitt, Cesare Granata, David B. Pyne, David J. Bishop

27.07.2020 | Systematic Review Open Access

Subtypes of Sport-Related Concussion: a Systematic Review and Meta-cluster Analysis

In the United States alone, an estimated 2.87 million individuals seek care at the Emergency Department for traumatic brain injury each year [ 1 ], among which ~ 90% are individuals presenting with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI, i.e. concussion; …

Autoren:
S. Langdon, M. Königs, E. A. M. C. Adang, E. Goedhart, J. Oosterlaan

24.07.2020 | Letter to the Editor

Authors’ Reply to Richardson and Chen: Comment on “Sport and Transgender People: A Systematic Review of the Literature Relating to Sport Participation and Competitive Sport Policies”

Richardson and Chen [ 1 ] claim that the conclusion from our evidence review is that transgender females do not have an athletic advantage. We do not come to such a conclusion in our 2017 article [ 2 ]; rather, we state that there are currently no …

Autoren:
Bethany A. Jones, Jon Arcelus, Walter Pierre Bouman, Emma Haycraft

19.07.2020 | Letter to the Editor

Comment on: “Sport and Transgender People: A Systematic Review of the Literature Relating to Sport Participation and Competitive Sport Policies”

We read with significant interest the work produced by Jones et al. [ 1 ] regarding transgender athletes’ experiences. All gender definitions used in this letter refer to the same terminology used by Jones et al [ 1 ]. However, there are two …

Autoren:
Andrew Richardson, Mark A. Chen

16.07.2020 | Original Research Article Open Access

Cumulative Sport-Related Injuries and Longer Term Impact in Retired Male Elite- and Amateur-Level Rugby Code Athletes and Non-contact Athletes: A Retrospective Study

Rugby is an intermittent contact team-sport that is played in games of two 40 min halves or two 7 min halves (for rugby sevens), and involves numerous collisions and tackles. There are two codes of rugby that differ according to rules and the …

Autoren:
Karen Hind, Natalie Konerth, Ian Entwistle, Alice Theadom, Gwyn Lewis, Doug King, Paul Chazot, Patria Hume

16.07.2020 | Original Research Article Open Access

Exercise-Based Strategies to Prevent Muscle Injury in Male Elite Footballers: An Expert-Led Delphi Survey of 21 Practitioners Belonging to 18 Teams from the Big-5 European Leagues

Injuries can have a negative impact in male elite football teams with a lower injury incidence having been correlated with elite European teams’ final league ranking [ 1 ] and an estimated average cost of one player being missing for one month due …

Autoren:
Alan McCall, R. Pruna, Nick Van der Horst, G. Dupont, M. Buchheit, A. J. Coutts, F. M. Impellizzeri, M. Fanchini, the EFP-Group

14.07.2020 | Systematic Review Open Access

The Effects of Oral Contraceptives on Exercise Performance in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Sex hormones are one of the main determinants of biological sex [ 1 ]. During adulthood, levels of testosterone, the predominant male sex hormone, remain consistent in men [ 2 ], whilst concentrations of oestrogen and progesterone, the prevailing …

Autoren:
Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale, Kelly L. McNulty, Paul Ansdell, Stuart Goodall, Kirsty M. Hicks, Kevin Thomas, Paul A. Swinton, Eimear Dolan

14.07.2020 | Current Opinion

Cognitive Fatigue Effects on Physical Performance: The Role of Interoception

The consensus of opinion, with regard to the effect of cognitive fatigue on subsequent physical performance, is that there is a small, negative effect, but there is no consensus regarding the mechanisms involved. When glucose levels are normal …

Autor:
Terry McMorris

13.07.2020 | Systematic Review Open Access

The Effects of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Exercise Performance in Eumenorrheic Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Over the last three decades, there has been a rise in the number of women participating in exercise, from physical activity to elite sport, attributable to the increasing development of, and investment in, women’s professional sport [ 1 – 4 ].

Autoren:
Kelly Lee McNulty, Kirsty Jayne Elliott-Sale, Eimear Dolan, Paul Alan Swinton, Paul Ansdell, Stuart Goodall, Kevin Thomas, Kirsty Marie Hicks

10.07.2020 | Systematic Review

Occupational Physical Activity and Lung Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide with over 2 million new diagnoses in 2016 [ 1 ]. Lung cancer disproportionately affects men (1 in 18 lifetime) compared with women (1 in 46 lifetime) [ 1 ]. Smoking tobacco, second-hand smoke, radon …

Autoren:
Benny Rana, Liang Hu, Andrew Harper, Chao Cao, Cheryl Peters, Darren Brenner, Lin Yang

06.07.2020 | Review Article

Overlapping Mechanisms of Exertional Heat Stroke and Malignant Hyperthermia: Evidence vs. Conjecture

Exertional heat stroke (EHS) and malignant hyperthermia (MH) are life-threatening conditions, triggered by different environmental stimuli that share several clinical symptoms and pathophysiological features. EHS manifests during physical activity …

Autoren:
Orlando Laitano, Kevin O. Murray, Lisa R. Leon

04.07.2020 | Consensus Statement Open Access

Menthol as an Ergogenic Aid for the Tokyo 2021 Olympic Games: An Expert-Led Consensus Statement Using the Modified Delphi Method

Menthol is a naturally occurring cyclic terpene alcohol that is extracted from plants of the Mentha genus, e.g., peppermint and corn mint [ 25 ]. Presenting in eight forms, the (-)isomer is responsible for menthol’s characteristically fresh aroma …

Autoren:
M. J. Barwood, O. R. Gibson, D. J. Gillis, O. Jeffries, N. B. Morris, J. Pearce, M. L. Ross, C. Stevens, K. Rinaldi, S. N. Kounalakis, F. Riera, T. Mündel, M. Waldron, R. Best

02.07.2020 | Commentary

Sport Integrity Opportunities in the Time of Coronavirus

Autoren:
Yannis Pitsiladis, Borja Muniz-Pardos, Mike Miller, Michele Verroken

01.07.2020 | Systematic Review

Relative Proximity of Critical Power and Metabolic/Ventilatory Thresholds: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

For exhausting high-intensity exercise, tolerance increases hyperbolically as a function of decreasing power output [ 1 – 3 ]. This power-time relationship is an important concept in exercise physiology because it provides a systematic framework …

Autoren:
Miguel Ángel Galán-Rioja, Fernando González-Mohíno, David C. Poole, José Mª González-Ravé

26.06.2020 | Letter to the Editor

Comment on: “The Challenge of Maintaining Metabolic Health During a Global Pandemic”

Autoren:
Lino Sérgio Rocha Conceição, Cristiane Vilaça Campos Gomes, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho