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Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie OnlineFirst articles

02.06.2023 | Original Article

Manual vs. interactive power toothbrush on plaque removal and salivary Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus casei levels

Single-center, examiner-blinded, randomized clinical trial in orthodontic patients

One very important aspect of orthodontic therapy is maintaining good oral hygiene. Brackets, wires, and other equipment promote plaque formation and complicate traditional oral hygiene procedures [ 1 – 3 ]. Dental plaque levels are 2 to 3 times …

verfasst von:
Tuğba Erden, Hasan Camcı

Open Access 02.06.2023 | Original Article

Investigation of the cleaning performance of commercial orthodontic cleaning tablets regarding biofilm removal on PMMA test specimens

An ex vivo study

Removable orthodontic appliances (ROAs) are used for active treatment and retention. ROAs consist of wire elements and mostly of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) [ 14 , 19 ]. Within minutes of inserting an appliance into the oral cavity, the surfaces …

verfasst von:
A. Arndt-Fink, P.-G. Jost-Brinkmann

Open Access 05.05.2023 | Original Article

Scanning electron microscopy evaluation of enamel surfaces using different air-polishing powders in the orthodontic setting: an in vitro study

Initial carious lesions appear opaque on smooth surfaces of teeth due to microporosities in the enamel structure and are, therefore, known as white spot lesions [ 21 ]. They are significantly less common than fissure or interproximal caries in the …

verfasst von:
Philipp Ratzka, Paul Zaslansky, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann

Open Access 04.05.2023 | Original Article

Novel concept for posterior crossbite correction

Preliminary results

This retrospective cohort study was approved by the ethical committee of the Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany (3151-2016). All patients were treated in one orthodontic specialist practice and consecutively debonded in the period from …

verfasst von:
Dirk Wiechmann

28.04.2023 | Review Article

Long-term effects of orthodontic interceptive expansion treatment

A retrospective study

When patients are referred in the mixed dentition phase, orthodontists have the opportunity to interact with the dental occlusion. The goal of interceptive orthodontic treatment is to prevent development of malocclusion and to correct occlusal …

verfasst von:
Anne-Sophie Van de Velde, Laura De Boodt, Prof. Dr. Maria Cadenas de Llano-Pérula, DDS, PhD, Annoushka Laenen, Prof. Dr. Guy Willems, DDS, PhD

Open Access 31.03.2023 | Original Article

Effect of orthodontic extraction of mandibular premolars on third molar angulation after treatment with fixed appliances

A cross-sectional study
verfasst von:
Tamara Di Giovanni, Theodosia Vogiatzi, Vasiliki Koretsi, Tanya Walsh, Nick Silikas, Spyridon N. Papageorgiou

13.03.2023 | Original Article

Color changes of nanocomposites used for clear aligner attachments: an in vitro study

The demand for esthetic orthodontic treatment has increased in past decades. Many treatment options such as plastic, ceramic, lingual brackets, and clear aligners have been introduced to the orthodontic market [ 1 – 3 ]. A study showed that one …

verfasst von:
Serhat Özsoy, DDS-PhD, Hande Pamukçu, Assistant Professor, Professor Ömür Polat-Özsoy, Ece Mersan Ateş, PhD candidate

Open Access 09.03.2023 | Original Article

Preciseness of artificial intelligence for lateral cephalometric measurements

Orthodontic data collection and diagnosis is a process that consumes time and effort [ 1 ]. This process usually encompasses meticulous analysis of different diagnostic records including photographs, study models, and radiographs [ 2 , 3 ]. Among …

verfasst von:
Mostafa El-Dawlatly, B.D.S., M.Sc., PhD., M Orth RCSEd, Khaled Hazem Attia, B.D.S., M.Sc., PhD., Ahmed Yehia Abdelghaffar, B.D.S., M Orth RCSEd, Yehya Ahmed Mostafa, D.D.S., M.Sc., Ph.D., FDS RCSEd, Dr. Mohamed Abd El-Ghafour, B.D.S., M.Sc., PhD, M Orth RCSEd

09.03.2023 | Original Article

Effect of patients’ attitude and perception of oral hygiene on white spot lesion development and plaque accumulation during orthodontic treatment

A survey of patients with fixed appliances

White spot lesions (WSLs) result from enamel demineralization, producing white opacity on enamel surfaces with a high reported prevalence [ 1 – 3 ]. They may be induced by bonded orthodontic appliances that can lead to plaque accumulation in the …

verfasst von:
Dr. Lina Sharab, Assistant Professor, Carli Loss, Alex Kluemper, Hiroko Nagaoka, Associate Professor, Gregory Hawk, Professor Cynthia Beeman

07.03.2023 | Original Article

Effectiveness of surface polishing after debonding of metal brackets from different CAD-CAM materials

In recent years, ceramic restorations have become popular treatments due to their considerable advantages, such as color stability, esthetics, biocompatibility, and wear resistance. Constantly increasing esthetic demands have resulted in the …

verfasst von:
Ass. Prof. Aslıhan Zeynep Oz, Ass. Prof. Abdullah Alper Oz, Prof. Cagrı Ural, Ass. Prof. Necati Kaleli, Ass. Prof. İbrahim Duran

Open Access 06.03.2023 | Original Article

Influence of the force magnitude of fixed functional appliances for class II subdivision 1 treatment—a cephalometric study

Class II division 1 malocclusion is defined by a distal molar relationship and an increased overjet [ 31 ] and belongs to the most frequent malocclusions with a worldwide prevalence between 15 and 25% [ 1 , 32 ]. Besides esthetic and functional …

verfasst von:
Hisham Sabbagh, Aladin Sabbagh, Mila Janjic Rankovic, Christine Huber, Andrea Wichelhaus, Lea Hoffmann

03.03.2023 | Original Article

Bonded lingual retainer adhesives and discoloration

An in vitro study

Bonded lingual retainers may be used long-term or even lifelong by individuals who have undergone orthodontic treatment [ 1 ]. Depending on this prolonged use, one of the problems with bonded retainers is discoloration of the bonding adhesive. The …

verfasst von:
Ass. Prof. Sabahat Yazıcıoğlu, Dt. Hasan Karadeniz

03.03.2023 | Original Article

Treatment of skeletal class III malocclusion using a combined clear aligner and surgery-early approach

Assessment based on the American Board of Orthodontics Objective Grading System

As the social economy develops and the fast pace of life emerges, adults’ requirements for appearance are increasing [ 1 ]. Patients with skeletal class III malocclusion undergo orthodontic–orthognathic surgery to correct their facial profile and …

verfasst von:
Guoli Zhou, Fei Yu, Ph.D., Ass. Prof. Hongbo Yu, Ass. Prof. Lunguo Xia, Lingjun Yuan, Prof. Bing Fang

Open Access 02.03.2023 | Original Article

Precision of slot widths and torque transmission of in-office 3D printed brackets

An in vitro study

The demand for orthodontic appliances with a low impact on orofacial esthetics, especially in the anterior region, continues to be high due to increased societal pressure regarding self-optimization and perfection [ 1 , 2 ]. Currently, practicing …

verfasst von:
Carolien A. J. Bauer, Mats Scheurer, Christoph Bourauel, J. Philippe Kretzer, Christoph J. Roser, Christopher J. Lux, Lutz D. Hodecker

Open Access 01.03.2023 | Original Article

Effect of argon cold plasma composition on orthodontic bonding—new insights into input parameters and protocols

An optimal bonding technique provides adequate adhesive strength while being gentle on the dental hard tissue. Substance conservation is especially important in orthodontics, because unlike in other disciplines of dentistry, bonding for …

verfasst von:
Mostafa M. Alzahar, Karl-Friedrich Krey, Philine H. Doberschütz

28.02.2023 | Original Article

Cephalometric evaluation of pharyngeal airway and tongue space following treatment with Herbst and AdvanSync appliances

A prospective randomized clinical trial

Patients seek orthodontic treatment for the correction of proclined incisors, increased overjet, short chin, etc. The aim of the orthodontic treatment should be an integration of skeletal harmony, perfect dental occlusion, facial esthetics, and …

verfasst von:
Dr. Suman Arora, Second-in-Commandant (CDS) Postgraduate 3rd year MDS, Dr. Seema Grover, MDS FPFA Former Professor, Dr. Pandurangan Harikrishnan, MDS FDSRCS (England) FCrfOrth (Taiwan) MBA (HM) PGDMLE Ph.D., Dr. Ashish Dabas, MDS Former Professor, Dr. Namrata Dogra, MDS Reader, Dr. Jasmine Nindra, MDS Assistant Professor

27.02.2023 | Original Article

Survival rates of mandibular fixed retainers: comparison of a tube-type retainer and conventional multistrand retainers

A prospective randomized clinical trial

Orthodontic retention is regarded as a continuation of treatment in contemporary orthodontics [ 1 ]. Both patients and practitioners prefer a fixed retainer over a removable retainer in terms of comfort and effectiveness [ 2 , 3 ]. Compared with …

verfasst von:
Prof. Kyungmin Clara Lee, Clinical Assistant Professor Seung-Weon Lim, Prof. Jin-Hyoung Cho, Prof. Heesoo Oh, Prof. Hyeon-Shik Hwang

24.02.2023 | Original Article

Evaluation and comparison of planum clival angle in three malocclusion groups

A CBCT study

Skeletal malocclusions require accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. Cephalometric analyses still continue to be an important diagnostic aid to assist in planning orthodontic treatment. The maxillomandibular relationship can be exactly …

verfasst von:
Nandita Krishnaswamy, Prof. Poornima Jnaneshwar, Prof. Ravi Kannan

Open Access 24.02.2023 | Original Article

Long-term (≥ 15 years) outcome quality after Class II:1 bionator or Herbst multibracket appliance treatment

A comparison

Class II:1 malocclusion is known to have a prevalence of 8.1–16.2% [ 32 , 66 , 67 ]. There are several therapeutic approaches that are sometimes discussed controversially; one of them is functional orthopaedics. Basically, functional appliances can …

verfasst von:
PD Dr. Niko Christian Bock, Dr. Rebecca Jungbauer, Prof. Dr. Ingrid Rudzki, Prof. Dr. Dr. Peter Proff, Prof. Dr. Sabine Ruf

23.02.2023 | Original Article

Long-term changes in thickness, live/dead bacterial ratio, and mineral content in biofilm on ceramic and stainless steel orthodontic attachments

The use of orthodontic appliances to the oral cavity can lead to an ecological change in the oral microbial environment with a higher prevalence of cariogenic streptococcus species and periodontopathic porphyromonas species [ 1 ]. This is …

verfasst von:
Anjali Krishnan, MDS, Rahul Rajendran, S MDS, Deepak Damodaran, R MDS, Sreelekshmi K. Manmadhan, MDS, Vinod Krishnan, MDS. M.Orth RCS FDS RCS PhD