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Erschienen in: Rechtsmedizin 2/2017

17.02.2017 | Übersichten

Kardiale Aspekte von Elektroschockdistanzwaffen

verfasst von: PD Dr. med. S. N. Kunz, PD. Dr. J. Adamec

Erschienen in: Rechtsmedizin | Ausgabe 2/2017

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Zusammenfassung

Elektroschockdistanzwaffen, wie beispielsweise der Taser, werden bereits seit mehreren Jahren von Sondereinsatzkommandos der Polizei in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz angewandt. Aufgrund aktueller politischer Veränderungen und der hiermit einhergehenden immer komplexer werdenden Anforderungen an Polizisten im Streifendienst wird derzeit eine flächendeckende Einführung der Tasergeräte diskutiert. In diesem Zusammenhang spielt die medizinische Risikobeurteilung dieser Technologie eine wichtige Rolle. Obwohl es seit Jahren mehrere Hundert Publikationen zu den pathophysiologischen Risiken von Elektroschockdistanzwaffen gibt, zeigt der Literaturvergleich medizinischer Veröffentlichungen zu diesem Thema ein teilweise uneinheitliches Bild, insbesondere bei der Fragestellung einer potenziellen Beeinflussung des Herzens.
Die vorliegende Arbeit setzt sich mit den kardialen Aspekten von Elektroschockdistanzwaffen auseinander. Mithilfe der medizinischen Datenbank PubMed wurden zu diesem Thema publizierte Fachartikel kritisch analysiert und miteinander verglichen.
Nach aktuellem wissenschaftlichen Informationsstand kann davon ausgegangen werden, dass bei fachgerechter Anwendung von Elektroschockdistanzwaffen keine klinisch relevanten pathophysiologischen Auswirkungen auf das Herz einer getroffenen, gesunden Person zu erwarten sind. Ein dem Grundsatz der Zweck- und Verhältnismäßigkeit folgender Einsatz von CEW ist daher als unbedenklich einzustufen.
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Metadaten
Titel
Kardiale Aspekte von Elektroschockdistanzwaffen
verfasst von
PD Dr. med. S. N. Kunz
PD. Dr. J. Adamec
Publikationsdatum
17.02.2017
Verlag
Springer Medizin
Erschienen in
Rechtsmedizin / Ausgabe 2/2017
Print ISSN: 0937-9819
Elektronische ISSN: 1434-5196
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00194-017-0147-0