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Erschienen in: NeuroTransmitter 10/2016

11.10.2016 | Kardiopulmonale Reanimation | Fortbildung

Neurologische Kasuistik

Fluktuierende kognitive Störung nach Reanimation

verfasst von: Dr. med. Peter Franz

Erschienen in: NeuroTransmitter | Ausgabe 10/2016

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Auszug

Ein 57-jähriger verheirateter, bisher immer gesunder, Manager bemerkte 2014 nach dem Duschen erstmals plötzlich einsetzende Schmerzen in beiden Ellenbogen. Im Wartezimmer des Hausarztes kam es dann kurze Zeit später zu einem Kreislaufkollaps. Trotz sofortiger Reanimationsmaßnahmen durch das Praxis-team gelang es erst dem Notarzt nach zweimaliger Defibrillation bei Kammerflimmern den Kreislauf nach etwa 30 Minuten wieder zu stabilisieren. Nach Eintreffen im Krankenhaus mussten noch weitere sechs Defibrillationen bei erneutem Kammerflimmern durchgeführt werden. In der Notfall-Koronarangiografie konnte die einen akuten Hinterwandinfarkt auslösende 1-Gefäß-Erkrankung durch eine Stent-Implantation behandelt werden. Sofort erfolgte eine leitlinienentsprechende Hypothermie und Sedierung. Nach Ausschleichen der protektiven Maßnahmen kam es dennoch zu einem nur sehr verzögerten Erwachen. Ein MRT zeigte beidseitige Thalamusläsionen und ein nicht raumforderndes frontales Falxmeningeom. Nach dilatativer Tracheotomie kam es während des protrahierten Weaning zu einer Aspirationspneumonie, als deren Folge sich eine Critical-Illness-Polyneuropathie komplizierend entwickelte. Etwa zwei Wochen nach dem Ereignis trat erstmals ein tonisch-klonischer Grand-mal-Anfall auf. Eine antiepileptische Therapie mit Levetiracetam wurde begonnen und aufgrund eines im EEG diagnostizierten nonkonvulsiven Status mit Topiramat kombiniert. …
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Metadaten
Titel
Neurologische Kasuistik
Fluktuierende kognitive Störung nach Reanimation
verfasst von
Dr. med. Peter Franz
Publikationsdatum
11.10.2016
Verlag
Springer Medizin
Erschienen in
NeuroTransmitter / Ausgabe 10/2016
Print ISSN: 1436-123X
Elektronische ISSN: 2196-6397
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s15016-016-5704-3

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