Skip to main content

22.11.2023 | Original Article

Kinship Support Differentially Predicts Problematic Smartphone Use in Left-behind Children Compared to Non-left-behind Children: A Longitudinal Study

verfasst von: Ji Shan, Liping Ma, Yanhui Xiang

Erschienen in: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Abstract

Currently, severe problematic smartphone use among left-behind children in China is a prevalent issue. However, there is still relatively little research focusing on left-behind children’s problematic smartphone use. Left-behind children refer to children aged 6–16 who are left behind in their rural hometowns due to at least one of their parents working outside of the hometown. Based on the family systems theory, this study aims to investigate the predictive associations between different types of kinship support (parental support, grandparental support, and other relatives’ support) and problematic smartphone use among left-behind children. A total of 415 children participated in our survey, undergoing three longitudinal tests (Mage= 12.95, SD = 0.92, 286 left-behind children, 129 non-left-behind children). The results indicated that, compared to non-left-behind children, parental support had a more stable negative delayed effect (delayed effects mean stable predictive effects across time) on problematic smartphone use of left-behind children. Moreover, other relatives’ support had a marginally significant negative prediction on problematic smartphone use in left-behind children. Conversely, grandparental support had a positive delayed effect on problematic smartphone use of left-behind children, unlike the negative delayed effect of grandparental support on non-left-behind children’s problematic smartphone use. These findings highlight the differential effects of various kinship support systems on problematic smartphone use among left-behind children, providing new insights for intervention strategies based on the family systems theory.
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Byrne, B. M. (2001). Structural equation modeling with Amos: Basic concepts, applications and programming. Erlbaum. Byrne, B. M. (2001). Structural equation modeling with Amos: Basic concepts, applications and programming. Erlbaum.
Zurück zum Zitat China Academy of Rural Education Development. (2022). Rural Education Development in China, an Annual Report (2020–2022) China Academy of Rural Education Development. (2022). Rural Education Development in China, an Annual Report (2020–2022)
Zurück zum Zitat China Government. (2022). The 50th statistical report on the Development Status of China’s internet released. www.​gov.​cn. China Government. (2022). The 50th statistical report on the Development Status of China’s internet released. www.​gov.​cn.
Zurück zum Zitat China Research Center on Aging. (2019). China Quality of Life Development Report for the Elderly (2019). Social Sciences Academic Press(China). China Research Center on Aging. (2019). China Quality of Life Development Report for the Elderly (2019). Social Sciences Academic Press(China).
Zurück zum Zitat Csibi, S., Demetrovics, Z., & Szabó, A. (2016). Development and psychometric validation of the brief smartphone addiction scale (BSAS) with school children. Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiatriai Tarsasag Tudomanyos Folyoirata, 31(1), 71–77. PubMed Csibi, S., Demetrovics, Z., & Szabó, A. (2016). Development and psychometric validation of the brief smartphone addiction scale (BSAS) with school children. Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiatriai Tarsasag Tudomanyos Folyoirata, 31(1), 71–77. PubMed
Zurück zum Zitat Extremera, N., Quintana-Orts, C., Sánchez-álvarez, N., & Rey, L. (2019). The role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on problematic smartphone use: Comparison between problematic and non-problematic adolescent users. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(17), https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph16173142. Extremera, N., Quintana-Orts, C., Sánchez-álvarez, N., & Rey, L. (2019). The role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on problematic smartphone use: Comparison between problematic and non-problematic adolescent users. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(17), https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph16173142.
Zurück zum Zitat Gökçearslan, Ş., Uluyol, Ç., & Şahin, S. (2018). Smartphone addiction, cyberloafing, stress and social support among university students: A path analysis. Children and Youth Services Review, 91, 47–54. CrossRef Gökçearslan, Ş., Uluyol, Ç., & Şahin, S. (2018). Smartphone addiction, cyberloafing, stress and social support among university students: A path analysis. Children and Youth Services Review, 91, 47–54. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hu, M., Xu, L., Zhu, W., Zhang, T., Wang, Q., Ai, Z., & Zhao, X. (2022). The Influence of Childhood Trauma and Family Functioning on Internet Addiction in adolescents: A chain-mediated model analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(20), https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph192013639. Hu, M., Xu, L., Zhu, W., Zhang, T., Wang, Q., Ai, Z., & Zhao, X. (2022). The Influence of Childhood Trauma and Family Functioning on Internet Addiction in adolescents: A chain-mediated model analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(20), https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph192013639.
Zurück zum Zitat Kostenko, V. (2015). What Kind of Self-Awareness Follows Growth: Facets of Reflection at Different Levels of Ego Development. Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP, 53. Kostenko, V. (2015). What Kind of Self-Awareness Follows Growth: Facets of Reflection at Different Levels of Ego Development. Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP, 53.
Zurück zum Zitat Li, X., & Fu, L. (2017). A study of the relationship between the relatives of the rural left-behind children in School Age: A Case Study of L town, Qiuxian, Hebei. Shandong University. Li, X., & Fu, L. (2017). A study of the relationship between the relatives of the rural left-behind children in School Age: A Case Study of L town, Qiuxian, Hebei. Shandong University.
Zurück zum Zitat Ma, R., Meng, H., Yan, L., Chen, Y., Cao, H., Zhou, N., & Zhang, J. (2021). Cellphone-specific parenting practices and Chinese adolescents’ Cellphone Use and Addiction: A National Survey. Studies of Psychology and Behavior, 02, 265–272. Ma, R., Meng, H., Yan, L., Chen, Y., Cao, H., Zhou, N., & Zhang, J. (2021). Cellphone-specific parenting practices and Chinese adolescents’ Cellphone Use and Addiction: A National Survey. Studies of Psychology and Behavior, 02, 265–272.
Zurück zum Zitat Minuchin, P. (1988). Relationships within the family: a systems perspective on development. See Hinde & Stevenson-Hinde 1988, pp. 7–26. Minuchin, P. (1988). Relationships within the family: a systems perspective on development. See Hinde & Stevenson-Hinde 1988, pp. 7–26.
Zurück zum Zitat Przybylski, A. K., & Weinstein, N. (2017). A large-scale test of the goldilocks hypothesis: Quantifying the relations between digital-screen use and the mental well-being of adolescents. Psychological Science, 28(2), 204–215. CrossRefPubMed Przybylski, A. K., & Weinstein, N. (2017). A large-scale test of the goldilocks hypothesis: Quantifying the relations between digital-screen use and the mental well-being of adolescents. Psychological Science, 28(2), 204–215. CrossRefPubMed
Zurück zum Zitat Rubin, A. M. (2009). Uses-and-gratifications perspective on media effects. Media effects (pp. 181–200). Routledge. Rubin, A. M. (2009). Uses-and-gratifications perspective on media effects. Media effects (pp. 181–200). Routledge.
Zurück zum Zitat Small, S. A., Eastman, G., & Cornelius, S. (1988). Adolescent autonomy and parental stress. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 17, 377–391. CrossRefPubMed Small, S. A., Eastman, G., & Cornelius, S. (1988). Adolescent autonomy and parental stress. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 17, 377–391. CrossRefPubMed
Zurück zum Zitat Varga, S. M., & Zaff, J. F. (2018). Webs of support: An integrative Framework of relationships, Social Networks, and Social Support for positive Youth Development Webs of support : An integrative Framework of relationships, Social Networks, and Social Support for positive youth develop. Adolescent Research Review, 0(0), 0. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s40894-017-0076-x. CrossRef Varga, S. M., & Zaff, J. F. (2018). Webs of support: An integrative Framework of relationships, Social Networks, and Social Support for positive Youth Development Webs of support : An integrative Framework of relationships, Social Networks, and Social Support for positive youth develop. Adolescent Research Review, 0(0), 0. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s40894-017-0076-x. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Wang, L. (2007). Investigation on the Mental Health of preschoolers reared by their grandparents. Chinese Mental Health Journal, (10),672–674. Wang, L. (2007). Investigation on the Mental Health of preschoolers reared by their grandparents. Chinese Mental Health Journal, (10),672–674.
Zurück zum Zitat Wang, Y. (2006). The changing family structure in Contemporary China: An analysis. Social Sciences in China, 01, 96–108. Wang, Y. (2006). The changing family structure in Contemporary China: An analysis. Social Sciences in China, 01, 96–108.
Zurück zum Zitat Wang, Y., Wen, Z., Li, W., & Fang, J. (2022). Methodological research and model development on structural equation models in China’s mainland from 2001 to 2020. Advances in Psychological Science, 08, 1715–1733. CrossRef Wang, Y., Wen, Z., Li, W., & Fang, J. (2022). Methodological research and model development on structural equation models in China’s mainland from 2001 to 2020. Advances in Psychological Science, 08, 1715–1733. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Wu, L. M. (2010). Structural equation modeling: Operations and applications of AMOS. Chongqing University Press. Wu, L. M. (2010). Structural equation modeling: Operations and applications of AMOS. Chongqing University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Xu, J., Shen, L., Yan, C., huai, Hu, H., Yang, F., Wang, L., Kotha, S. R., Ouyang, F., Zhang, L., na, Liao, X., peng, Zhang, J., Zhang, J., & Shen, X. (2014). ming. Parent-adolescent interaction and risk of adolescent internet addiction: A population-based study in Shanghai. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1). https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​1471-244X-14-112. Xu, J., Shen, L., Yan, C., huai, Hu, H., Yang, F., Wang, L., Kotha, S. R., Ouyang, F., Zhang, L., na, Liao, X., peng, Zhang, J., Zhang, J., & Shen, X. (2014). ming. Parent-adolescent interaction and risk of adolescent internet addiction: A population-based study in Shanghai. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1). https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​1471-244X-14-112.
Zurück zum Zitat Yang, W. (2021). What is the solution to the dilemma in the resonance of digitalization and aging. Guangming Daily, p. 2. Yang, W. (2021). What is the solution to the dilemma in the resonance of digitalization and aging. Guangming Daily, p. 2.
Zurück zum Zitat Zhang, Y., & Jia, Y. (2021). Research on group work of rural left behind children’s intergenerational education: Taking S village in Kongtong District of Pingliang City as an example. Northwest Normal University. Zhang, Y., & Jia, Y. (2021). Research on group work of rural left behind children’s intergenerational education: Taking S village in Kongtong District of Pingliang City as an example. Northwest Normal University.
Zurück zum Zitat Zhang, S., & Tang, G. (2022). A study on social work intervention in intergenerational family education of rural left-behind children. Heilongjiang University. Zhang, S., & Tang, G. (2022). A study on social work intervention in intergenerational family education of rural left-behind children. Heilongjiang University.
Zurück zum Zitat Zhou, H., & Long, L. (2004). Statistical remedies for common method biases. Advances in Psychological Science, 12(6), 942. Zhou, H., & Long, L. (2004). Statistical remedies for common method biases. Advances in Psychological Science, 12(6), 942.
Metadaten
Titel
Kinship Support Differentially Predicts Problematic Smartphone Use in Left-behind Children Compared to Non-left-behind Children: A Longitudinal Study
verfasst von
Ji Shan
Liping Ma
Yanhui Xiang
Publikationsdatum
22.11.2023
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Print ISSN: 1557-1874
Elektronische ISSN: 1557-1882
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-023-01180-1

Update Psychiatrie

Bestellen Sie unseren Fach-Newsletter und bleiben Sie gut informiert.