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2017 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

11. Klinische und ethische Fragen der Neuromodulation

verfasst von : Markus Christen

Erschienen in: Angewandte Ethik in der Neuromedizin

Verlag: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Zusammenfassung

Neuromodulation bezeichnet die gezielte, chronische und steuerbare Einflussnahme auf neuronale Prozesse mit dem Ziel, therapeutische Wirkungen zu erzeugen. Ein Paradebeispiel von Neuromodulation ist die tiefe Hirnstimulation (THS). THS wird am häufigsten für Bewegungsstörungen eingesetzt, zunehmend aber auch für weitere neurologische und psychiatrische Erkrankungen. Dieser Beitrag führt in die Grundlagen der Neuromodulation und die Kriterien für deren ethische Bewertung ein. Danach werden aktuelle klinische und ethische Fragen von Neuromodulation am Beispiel der THS erläutert. Der Beitrag schließt mit Empfehlungen für Forschung und klinische Weiterentwicklung von THS und anderen Methoden der Neuromodulation.
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Metadaten
Titel
Klinische und ethische Fragen der Neuromodulation
verfasst von
Markus Christen
Copyright-Jahr
2017
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-49916-0_11